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Senate 1979 : part 1


Year:1979
LC Subject:Fiji--Politics and government--Periodicals
Location:Pacific Collection : pac J 961 .J2
Copyright:Source must be acknowledged when using this public document.

Full Text Record :



SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES
^ . Committee of S e l e c t i o n — r e - a p p o i n t e d 3 . 4 . 7 8
Mr, P r e s i d e n t
Hem. Senator E. 1. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu I,. Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu G. W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator Kaur Bat tan Singh
2 . Business Commi t tee — appointed. 10.12,75
Hon. Leader of Government Business
Hon. Senator E. I, Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Kavaia Tagivetaua, M.C.
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., j.P.
3. Services Committee - appointed 10.12.75
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon.Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Hon. Senator Kaur Batten Singh
Hon. Senator S, S. Madhavan
4. Committee of Privileges — appointed 10.12.75
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E, Q.C.
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
5. Standing Orders Select Committee ~ appointed 10.12.75
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E, Q.C.
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu jone Kikau, M.B.E., J.P.
6. Standing Committee on Population Trends - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator, R. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator D r . Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavo1a
Hon. Senator Ratu Kavaia Tagivetaua, M.C.
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator S. S. Madhavan
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.

Select Committee on Food Production - appointed ?6.9.78
Hon. Senato
E. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senato
Ra t u Li vai Vo 1. avo 1 a
Hon. Senato
Ratu G. W. Lalabalavu
Hon, Senato1
Eatu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senate;1
C. P, Bidesi
Hon. Senato
K. B, S. M a i , M.E.E,
Hon. Senate
Wilson inia, M.B.E., j.P,
Editor of Official Reports
Miss M. Biggs
Hansard Reporters:
M r s . M. Nabaiarua
Mrs. S. K. Prasad
Miss J . N. Molitimined
Mrs. A. H. Rhai
Mrs. E. Raikadroka
Mrs. K. Lai



SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES
Committee of Selection ~ re-appointed 1.6.79
Mr. President
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Dr. S. Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu G. W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Kaur Battan Singh
Hon. Sena Lor C. P. Bidesi
Business Committee - appointed 10.12.7b
Hon. Leader of Government Business
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Kavaia Tagivetaua, M.C.
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Services Committee - appointed 10.12.73
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Hon. Senator Kaur Battan Singh
Hon. Senator S, S. Madhavan
C_omm.i^ttee of Privileges - appointed 10.12.75
Pr e si den t: of the S ena t e (Ch a i rman)
Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E., Q.C.
Hon. Senator R, I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Standing Orders Select Commit tee - appointed 10.12.75
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E., Q.C.
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Li vai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Kikau, M.B.E., J.P.
Standing Committee on Population Trends - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Dr. Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Kavaia Tagivetaua, M.C.
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator S. S. Madhavan
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.

Select Committee on Food Production - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator E. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Eatu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Eatu G, W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Eatu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator B. B. S. Mai, M.B.E.
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., j.p.
Select Committee of Freedom of Information — appointed 1.6.79
Hon. Senator Weaver
Hon, Senator Akanisi Dreunimisimisi
Ho.11. Senator Ben Rambisheswar
Hon. Senator Eatu Livai Vo1avo1a
Hon. Senator Ratu jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Select Commi11ee on We 1 ghts and Measures Bill, 1979 - appoint ed
Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E., Q.C. 1.C-./
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Dr. S. FJ. Tabua
Hon. Senator Eatu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator C- P. Bidesi
Hon. Sena Lor Weaver
lion. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E, J.P.
Editor of Official Reports:
Miss M. Biggs
Hansard Reporters:
Mrs. M. Nabalarua
Mrs, S. K. Prasad
Miss J. N. Mohammed
Mrs. A. H. Bhai
Mrs, E. Eai kadroka
Mrs. K. La.l

M e e t i n g s of A u g u s t , 1979
PARLIAMENT OP F I J I
THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL
Hi", E x c e l l e n c y Eatu S i r George Kadavulevu Cakobau, G.C.M.G., K.C.V.O.
THE MINISTRY
Vr\\ me M i n i s t e r , , R t . Hon. Eatu S i r Kami s e s e Mara,
K.B.E.
Deputy Prime Minis trcr Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau, IC. B, E,
C.M.G., C.V.O., D.S.O., E.D.
Attorney-General Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey,
K.B.E., Q.C.
niii ] t t_i 1 Finance Hon. Charles Walker
linn 1 1 f\\ i Urban Development
-i 1 H 1 ij Hon. M. V. Leweniqila
I'll})] T f-1 i )x Works and
{ irii nun -itions Hon. L. L. N a s i l i v a t a
II11 1 1 ? f a Commerce and
in In t x Hon. M. Eamzan, M.B.E.
I xii 1 t d 1 r Labour, I n d u s t r i a l
1 l i t i t n -md Immigration Hon. Ratu David Toganivalu
Mit i 1 1 t >r Health Hon. E. J . Beddoes
Mini i t j I )i A g r i c u l t u r e and
Fi 11 Hon. J o n a t i Mavoa
llDiu 1 f t i Education Hon. s . IC. S i k i v o u , C.B.E.
Mint 1 HI it 1 Tourism, Transport.
an i 1 m i Aviation Hon. T. R. Vakatora
Him i- 1 ( i U a t e f o r
Lni tintri n . Hon. Ratu W. B. Toganivalu
I n n i 1 r f ; t a t e f o r Lands
m i linni ii Resources Hon. W. J . Clark
MinL t 1 i H a t e f o r
1 _ r ^ r -it 1 /es Hon. S. N. Waqanivavalagi
Ham 1 1 i- J t a t e for
H in Af f irs Hon. S , S . Momoivalu
H i m tei i H a t e for Forests Hon. Ratu J. Tavaiqia, O.B.E., J.P.
Hint tt-j: >i u.at.e for Youth
and Sport.. Hon. Vivekanand Sharma
Minister of State for Socia.1
Welfare Hon. I. P. Bajpai

THE SENATE
President.
, Hon. Senator Sir Robert Munro,
C.B.E.
Vice-President Eon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Clerk to Parliament Mrs. L. B. Ah Koy, O.B.E,
Clerk to the Senate , Mr. V. V. C. Singh
Leader of Government Business.... Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey,
K.B.E., O.B.E., Q.C.
MEMBERS OF THE SENATE
Prime Minisirer'S| Nominees:
Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E., Q.C., Attorney-General
Hon, Senator Ramanlal I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Akanisi Dreunimisimisi
Hon. Senator Ben Rambisheswar
Hon. Senator Sevanaia B. Tabua - appointed 2D.9.78
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola (Vice-President)
Hon. Senator Eatu. Kavaia Tag! vet ana, M. C.
Hon. Senator Inoke Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Kifcau, M.B.E., J.P.
Hon. Senator Ratu Glanville W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Ratu J'one Mataitini
Hon. Sena tor Ratu Tevi ta Vakala]abure
Leader of the Opposition's Nominees:
Hon. Senator Kaur Battan Singh
Hon. Senator Suman Shiromaniam Madhavan
Hon. Senator Chandra Frakasii Bidesi
Hon. Senator Bakshi Balwant Singh Mai, M.B.E.
Hon. Senator Katilai A. Patel
Hon. Senator Colin Stanley Weaver
Council of Rotuma's Nominee:
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES
Consists of fifty-two Members:
Thirty-six Alliance (Government) Members,
Fifteen National Federation (Opposition) Members, and
One Independent Member.

SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES
Committee of Selection ~ re-appointed 1.6.79
M r . President
H o n . Senator R. I. Kapadia
H o n . Senator D r . S. Tabua
H o n . Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
H o n . Senator Ratu G. W. Lalabalavu
H o n . Senator Kaur Battan Singh
H o n . Senator C. P. Bidesi
Business Committee - appointed 10.12,75
H o n . Leader of Government. Business
H o n . Senator R. I. Kapadia
H o n . Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
H o n . Senator Ratu Kavaia T a g i v e t a u a , M . C .
H o n . Sena Lor Wilson Inia, M . B . E . , J.P.
Services Committee - appointed 10.12.75
President of the Senate (Chairman)
H o n . Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
H o n . Senator Wilson Inia, M . B . E . , j.P.
H o n . Senator Kaur Battan Singh
H o n . Senator 5. S. M a d h a v a n
Committee of Privileges - appointed 1O.12.7!>
President of the Senate (Chairman)
H o n . Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.B., O . C .
H o n . Senator R. I. Kapadia
H o n . Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Standing Orders Select Committee - appointed 10.12.7';
President of the Senate (Chairman)
H o n . Senator Sir J o h n Falvey, K.B.E., Q . C .
H o n . Senator R. I. Kapadia
H o n . Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
H o n . Senator Ratu Jone Kikau, M . B . E . , J.P.
Standing Committee on, Population T r e n d s - appointed 26.9.78
-Ion. Senator R. I . Kapadia (Chairman)
H o n . Sena .or Dr.
Tabu a
H o n . Sena .or Ratu Livai Volavola
H o n . Sena or Ratu
Kavaia Tagivetaua, M.
•Jon.
Sena or Ratu jone Mataitini
Hon.
Sena .or
. Madhavan
Hon.
Sena "or wi ison Inia


M e e t i n g s of O c t o b e r , 1973
PARLIAMENT OF F I J I
THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL
H i s E x c e l l e n c y Ratu S i r George Kadavulevu Cakobau, G.C.M.G., K.C.V.O.
THE MINISTRY
Prime M i n i s t e r R t . Hon. Ratu S i r Kamisese Mara,
K.B.E.
Deputy Prime Minister Ratu Sir Penaia Gani.lau, K.B.E.,
C.M.G., C.V.O., D.5.O., E.D.
Attorney-General Hon. Senator A. I. N. Deoki, O.B.E.
Minister of Finance Hon. Charles Walker
Minister for Urban Development
ind Housing.,. Hon. M. V. Leweniqila
Minister for Works and
Communications Hon. I.. L. Nasilivata
Minister for Commerce and
Industry. Hon. M. Ramzan, M.B.rc,
Minister for Labour, Industrial
Relations and Immigration...... Hon. Ratu David Toganivalu
Minister for Health Hon. E. J. Beddoes"
Minister for Agriculture
dnd Fisheries Hon. Jonati Mavoa
Minister for' Education Hon. S. K. Sikivou, C.B.E.
Minister for Tourism, Transport
and Civil Aviation , Hon. T. R. Vakatora
Minister of State for
Information Hon. Ratu W. B. Toganivalu
Minister of State for Lands
and Mineral Resources Hon. W. j , Clark
Minister of State for
Co—operatives Hon. S . I\\[. Waqanivavalagi
Minister of State for
Home Affairs Hon. S. 8. Momoivalu
Minister of State for Forests.... Hon. Ratu j . Tavaiqia, O.B.E.,
J.P.
Minister of State for Youth
and Sport Hon. Vivekanand Sharma
Minister of State for Social
Welfare Hon. I. P. Bajpai

THE SENATE
President Hon. Senator Sir Robert Munvo,
C.I3.E.
Vice-President Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Clerk to Parliament Mrs. L. B. Ah Koy, O.B.E.
Clerk to the Senate Mr. V. V. C. Singh
Leader of Government Business.... Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
MEMBER OF THE SENATE
Prime Minister's Nominees:
Hon, Senator A. I, N. Peolci , 0.0.E., Attorney-General
Hon. Senator Ramanlal I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Akanisi Dreuniniisimisi
Hon. Senator Dr. Sevanaia B. Tabua
Hon, Senator W. M. Barrett, J.P.
Hon. Senator F. M. K, Sherani
Great Counci 1 of Clii ef s ' Nominees:
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola, O.B.E. (Vice-president)
Hon. Senator Incite Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Glanville W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Ratu jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator Ratu Tevita Vakalalabure
Hon. Senator Eatu Marika T.atianara
Hon. Senator Ratu Meli Loki
Hon. Sena tor Joeii Sereki
Leader of the Opposition' s Nominees:
Hon, Senator Kaur Bat tan Singh
Hon. Senator Suman Shiromaniam Madhavan
Hon. Senator Chandra Prakash Bidesi
Hon. Senator Dakshi Baiwant Singh Mai, M.B.E.
Hon. Senator Colin Stanley Weaver
Hon. Senator S. Basawaiya
Council of Potuma's Nominee:
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.R.E., J.P.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Consists of fifty-two Members:
Thirty-six Alliance (Government) Members,
Fifteen National Federation (Opposition) Members, and
One Independent Member.

SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES
Committee of Selection - re-appointed 1.6.79
Mr. President
Hon, Senator E. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Dr. S. Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu G. ¥. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Kaur Battan Singh
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Business Committee — appointed 10.12.73
Hon, Leader of Government Business
Hon• S enato r R. I. Kap ad i a
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.R.E., J.P.
Services Committee - appointed 10.12.7!?
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E.r J.P.
Hon, Senator Kaur Battan Singh
Hon. Senator S. S. Madhavan
Committee of Privileges - appointed 10.12.7b
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator R. I, Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Standing Orders Select Committee - appointed 10.12.7^
President of the Senate (Chairman)
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Standing Committee on Population Trends - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Dr. Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator S. S. Madhavan '
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia
Select Committee on _Food Production - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu G. W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator B. B. S. Mai, M.B.E.
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.

Select Committee on Freedom of Information — appointed 1 .6.79
Hon. Senator Weaver1
Hon. Senator Akanisi Dreunimisimisi
Hon.
ienator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon.
enator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon.
enator C, P, Bidesi
Hon.
•enator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Selec
Committee on Weights and Measures Bill, 1979
appointed 1 .6.79
Hon,
enator R. I. Kapadia
Hon.
enator Dr. S. B. Tabua
Hon.
enator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon,
enator C. P. Bidesi
Hon.
enator Weaver
Hon.
enator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P,
Co mm it tee on the Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji Bill, 1979
, — , , — appointed 15.8.79
Hon.
enator R. I. Kapadia
Hon.
enator Dr. Tabua
Hon.
enator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon.
enator Ratu jone Mataitini
Hon.
enator Wilson Inia
Hon.
enator Colin Weaver
Hon.
enator Shiromaniam Madliavan
Editor of the Official Reports:
Miss M. Biggs
Hansard Reporters:
Mrs. M. Nabalarua
Mrs. 8, K. Prasad
Miss J, N. Mohammed
Mrs. A, H. Bhai
Mrs. R. Rai.kadroka
Mrs. K. Lai

xvii
M e e t i n g of December, 1979
PARLIAMENT OF F I J I
THE GOVEENOR-GENEEAL
His E x c e l l e n c y Ratu S i r George Kadavulevu Cakobau, G.C.M.G., K.C.V.O,
THE MINISTRY
Prime M i n i s t e r R t . Hon, R a t u S i r Kamisese Mara,
K . R . 8 .
DepuLy Prime Minister,.„.„< Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau, K.B.E.,
C.M.G., C.V.O., D.S.O., E.D.
Attorney-General Hon. Senator A. I . N. Deoki,
O.B.E.
Minister of Finance Hon. Charles Walker
Minister for Urban Development
and Housing Hon. M. V. Leweniqila
Minister for Works and
Communications Hon. L. L. Kasilivata
Minister for Commerce and
Industry.... Hon. M. Ramzan, M.B.E.
Minister for Labour, Industrial
Relations and immigration Hon. Ratu David Toganlvalu
Minister for Health Hon. E. J. Betfdoes
Minister for Agriculture and
Fisheries Hon. Jonati Mavoa
Minister for Education Hon. S. K. sikivou, C.B.E.
Minister for Tourism, Transport
and Civil Aviation. Hon. T. R. Vakatora
Minister of State for
Information Hon. R a m W. B. Toganivalu
Minister of State for Lands and
Mineral Resources Hon. W. J. Clark
Minister of State for
Co-operatives • Hon. S. N. Waqanivavalagi
Minister of State for
Home Affairs Hon. S. s. Mornoivalu
Minister of State for Forests Hon. Ratu J. Tavaiqia, O.B.E.,
J.P.
Minister of State for Youth •
and Sport. Hon. ^ivekanand Sharma
Minister of State for Social
Welfare., , Hon. I. PL Bajpai

xvlii
THE SENATE
President Hon. Senator S i r Kobert Mimro,
C.B.E.
Vice—President Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Clerk to Parliament Mrs. L. B. Ah Koy, O.B.E.
Cleric to the Senate Mr. V. V. C. Singh
Leader of Government Business Hon. Senator R. I . Kapadia
MEMBERS OF THE SENATE
Prime Minister's Nominees:
Hon. S ena tor A. I .
Deoki, 0. B. E», At torney-General
Hon. Senator Ramanlal I .
di
Kapadia
Hon. Senator Alcanisi Dreunimisimisi
Hon. Senator Dr. Sevanaia B. Tabua
Hon. Senator W. M. B a r r e t t , J . P .
Hon. Senator P. M. K. Sherani
Great^Council of Chiefs' Nominees:
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola, O.B.E, (Vice-president)
Hon. Senator Inoke Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Glanville W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone M a t a i t i n i
Hon. Senator Ratu Tevita Vakalalabure
Hon. Senator Ratu Marika Latianara
Hon. Senator Ratu Meli Lolci
Hon. Senator J o e l i Sereki
Leader o£ the Opposition's Nominees:
Hon. Senator Kaur Battan Singh
Hon. Senator Suman Shiromaniam Madhavan
Hon. Senator Chandra Prakash Bidesi
Hon. Senator Bakshi Balwant Singh Mai, M.B.E.
Hon. Senator Colin Stanley Weaver
Hon. S enator S. Basawaiya
Council of Eotwna's Nominee:
Hon. Senator Wilson I n i a , M.B.E., J . P .


Standing Committee on Population Trends - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Dr. s. Tabua
Hon. Senator Eatu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator S. s. Madhavan
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Hon. Senator J. Serelci - appointed 12.12,79
Select Committee on Food Production - appointed 26.9.78
Hon. Senator E, I. Kapadia (Chairman)
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Eatu G. W. Lalabalavu
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator C, P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator B. B. S. Mai, M.B.B.
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Select Committee on Freedom Information - appointed 1.6.79
Hon. Senator Colin Weaver
Hon. Senator Akanisi Dreunimisimisi
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E,, J.P.
Hon. Senator F. M. K. Sherani - appointed 12.12.79
Select Committee on Weights and Measures Billr 1979 - appointed 1.6.79
Hon. Senator R. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Dr. S. B. Tabua
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Hon. Senator Colin Weaver
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Select Committee on the Civil Aviation Authority of F.ij.i Bill, 1979
'-' 'appointed 1 5«B -79
Hon. Senator E. I. Kapadia
Hon. Senator Dr. s. Tabua
Hon. Senator Eatu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator Eatu jone Mataitini'
Hon. Senator Wilson Inia, M.B.E., J.P.
Hon. Senator Colin Weaver
Hon* Senator Shiromaniam Madhavan

Senate Representatives; £ornJ.^§_1 ,.£9
"—" " Associa'tToVTb'nTer'e^^
1 a.12.79
Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola
Hon. Senator F. M. K. Sherani
Hon. Senator C. P. Bidesi
Editor of Official Reports:
Miss M. Biggs
Hansard Reporters:
Mrs. M. Nabalarua
Mrs. S. K. Prasad
Miss J. N. Mohammed
Mrs. A. H. Bhai
Mrs. E. Raiicadroka
Mrs. K. Lai

C O N T E N T S
Page
Absence of Fijian Business Enterprise in Urban Centres 491-519
Address by His Excellency the Governor-General - Debate
o n t e 243,245-71,272-300
Adjournment 145-49,573-76,587,709-12,715,779, 786
Administration of Oath c.c ...,. „ .577-79,588
ADpreciation of Wnrk. Done by N.LtT.B Regarding Native Landt.... 639-65
1980 Appropriation Bill, 1979.cc omoo 7 1 6 - 7 9
B i l l s - F i r s t R e a d i n g e . . . o . . . . .10 , 243 , 4 5 7 , 586 , 7 1 5
C i v i l A v i a t i o n A u t h o r i t y o f F i j i B i l l , 1 9 7 9 . . 6 . c . . . . 4 6 9 - 8 5 , 4 9 0 , 5 3 1 - 4 0
C o m m u n i c a t i o n from t h e C h a i r 1 2 - 1 3 , 5 3 , 3 7 3 , 4 0 0 , 4 9 0 , 7 8 1
C o n d o l e n c e - H o n . S e n a t o r R a t u L e v u l a c . c c . . . . * . . < , . 4 5 3 - 5 5
C u s t o m s T a r i f f B i l l s , 1 9 7 9 . e . . e c 0 . 1 9 - 3 0 , 7 8 2 - 8 3
D a n g e r o u s D r u g s ( A m e n d m e n t ) B i l l , 1 9 7 9 . . . . . . c . c c c .......108-13
Education of Public on Use and Abuse of Alcohol and Tobacco....178-98
Elimination of Discrimination Against Women............519-28,541-52
English Language as the Medium of Instruction at all
Schools < t ...c c 401-33, 434-37
Estate and Gift Duties (Amendment) Bill, 1979 o....,..o614-19
Exchange Control {Amendment) Bill, 1979 636
Exercise of Powers - Statutory Bodies e ,.198-201,202-18
Fiji Law Reform Commission Bill, 1979. 100-108
Financial Affairs of the Rabi Island Council of Leaders........665-76
Government Scholarships Offered to Students to attend
University of the South Pacific .....156-72
Income Tax (Amendment) Bill, 1979.... 122-27
Income Tax (Amandfient) (No.2) Bill, 1979 620-27,628-35
Independent Inquiry into the Housing Authority. 218-40
International Finance Corporation Bill, 1979 114-19,120-22
Judges' Remuneration anct Emoluments (Amendment) Bill, 1979.........98
Land Transfer (Amendment) Bill, 1979 14-19
Legislation Concerning Freedom of Information..................173-77
Marketing (Amendment) Bill, 1979. ...... 375-99
Minutes 1,12,53,69,120,150,202,241,245,272,317,371,401,434,455,
453,486,530,579,588,628,681,713,716,780
Papers Laid on the Table .....1-2,241-42,456,458,580,713-14,716
1980 Parliamentary Calendar ct..e 783-86
Penal Code (Amendment) Bill, 1979..c.,c...c 30-52,55-68,69-77
Pensions Bill, 1979 c t . . .. t c 600-13
Pensions (1938) (Amendment) Bill, 19 78 c 598-600
Pensions (1958) (Amendment) Bill, 19 78 593-98
Petroleum (Exoloration and Exploitation)(Amendment) Bill,
1979 _...,., e t 3 73-74
Ports Authority of Fiji (Amendment) Bill, 1979........ 77-98
Prescription of Salaries (Amendment} Bill, 1978. ........ o . <, 99
Private Hospitals Bill, 19 79 t , „ c... .321-58
Questions and Replies. 2-10,54,242-43,317-21,3 71-72,456,486-89
530,540,580-86,588-93,628,681-33,714-15,780-81
Rural Housing for Low Income Earners..... 552-72
Sale of Goods Bill, 1979 t 300-15
Salvage of "Syria" in Commemoration of Indenture Era....127-44,150-56
Stamp Duties (Amendment) Bill, 1979 t t .636-38
Suspension of Standing Orders... c t. c t68,145, 201, 519 , 765
Term of Service of Soldiers Serving in Lebanon o....694-709
Traffic (Amendment) Bill, 1979 „ 458-68
Tribute to Locally Trained Nurses „ 676-80,683-94
Weights and Measures Bill, 1979 , 358-69,437-51

MONDAY, 26 MARCH8 3.979
The Senate met at: iO«OO a.m. pursuant to notice.
MR, PRESIDENT tack the Chair and read the Prayer.
The Hon. Senator Sir Vijay R. Singh, K.B.E.
The Hon. Senator Sir John Falvey, K.B.E., Q.C.
The Hon. Senator Ramanl&l I. Kapadia
The Hon. Senator Akanisi Dreunimisimisi
The Hon. Senator Ben Rambisheswar
The Han* Senator Dr, Sevanaia B« Tabua
The Hon. Senator Ratu Livai Volavola, O.B.E.
The Hon. Senator Ratu Kavaia Tagivetaua, M«C.
The Hon., Senator Inoke Tabua
The Hona Senator Ratu Jone Kikau, M.B,£., Jal*.
The HonK Senator Ratu Glanville W. Laiataalavu.
The Hon. Senator Ratu Emoai Iievula, J.P»
The Hons Senator Ratu Jone Mataitini
The Hon. Senator Ratu Tevita Vakalalabure
The Hon. Senator Kaur Battan Singh
The HonB Senator Shiromaniam Madhavan
The "Bon. Senator Chandra J?rakash Bidesi
The Hon. Senator Bakshi Balwant Singh Mal# M.B.E.
The Hon. Senator Ratilal A* Patel
The Hon. Senator Colin Stanley Weaver
The Hon. Senator Wilson inia, M.B«E», J,P.
MINUTES
HON. LEADER OF GOVERislMENT BUSINESS-- Mr. President, Sir, I
beg to moves
That the minutes of the sitting of the Senate held
on Wednesday 13 December 1978, as previously circulated,
be taken as read and bs confirmed.
HOS. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SIHGH.- MrB President, Sir, I beg to
second the motion.
Question put.
Motion agreed to.
PAPERS LAID (MS THE TABLE
Sixth Annual Report of the Ombudsman - March 1977-February,
1978 (21/78)
Personal Accident Compensation Scheme for Members of
Parliament - Memorandum of Understanding (3/79)(In typescript^
Report on Compulsory Third Party Insurance (4/79)
Native Land Trust Board - Annual Report and Accounts for the
year ended December 1977
The Fiji Meat Industry Board - Report for the period ending
31st December 1977 (22/78)
Civil Aviation - Annual Report for the year.1976 (39/78)
Public Works Department - Annual Report for the year 1975 (34/77J

26 (lunch, 1979
Fiji Servicemen's After Care Fond - Annual Report for the year
1977 (31/78)
Write-off Reports under Standing Order 60 - October, November,
December, 1978 (In typescript)
Department of Government Supplies - Annual Report for the year
1974 (35/77)
Ministry of Health - Annual Report for the year 1975 (40/78)
QUESTIONS AND REPLIES
Audits of Statutory Bodies
(Question No. 16/78)
HON. SENATOR KADR BATTAN SINGH asked the Government, upon notice:
(a) Will the Government inform this House as to the names of
the accountancy firms which have been doing the audits
of the following statutory bodies for the years 1977 and
1978 and also how much auditing fees paid to each firm:-
(i) Board of Fire Commissioners of Suvai
(ii) Central Monetary Authority of Fiji;
(iii) Fiji Development Bank;
(iv) Fiji Electricity Authority!
(v) Fiji Pine Commission:
(vi) Fiji Sugar Corporation Limited;
(vii) Fiji visitors Bureau;
(viii) Land Development Authority and corporations established
by the Authority;
(ix) Fijian Development Fund Board;
(x) Native Land Trust Board;
(xi) Rabi Island Fund;
(xii) Sugar Board?
(b) will the Government inform this House why there has been a
delay in publishing the financial reports and statements
of nine of these authorities as mentioned on Page 22 of
the Auditor General • s report for the year 1977?
HON. SENATOR
KAPADIA.- Mr. President, Sir, the answers are
as follows:
Audit Fees
Latest
Audit
Report
Board of Fire
Peat Marwick,
1,761
1977
Commissioners of
Mitchell & Co.
Suva
Central Monetary
Authority
Coopers & Lybrand 4,500
1977
22.5.78
Fiji Development
Peat Marwick,
Bank
Mitchell & Co.
6,286
27.10.78
Fiji Electricity
Peat Marwick,
Authority
Mitchell Si Co.
14,415


i'laru-k, 1979
What accounting fees have been paid for the years 197? and 1978
by the undermentioned Statutory bodies and to whom:
(a) Board of Fire Commissioners of Suva?
(b) Central Mometary Authority of Fiji;
{c) Fi ji Development Bank;
(d) Fiji Electricity Authority;
(e) Fiji Pine Commission:
(f) Fiji Sugar Corporation Limited?
(g) Fiji Visitors Bureau;
(h) Land Development Authority and Corporation established
by the Authority;
(i) Fijian Development Fund Board;
(j) Native Land Trust Board;
(k) Rafoi Island Fund;
(1) Sugar Board?
HON« SENATOR KAPADIA.- Mr. President, Sir, the answer is as
follows:
(a) Board of Fire commissioners - Accounting Fees, not available.
Audit Feess 1977 - $1,761; 1978 - $2,788, Paid to paat,
Marwick & Mitchell.
(b) Central Monetary Authority - Accounting Fees, not available*
Audit Feesj 1977 - $4,5pO; 1978 - $4,500. Paid to Coopers &.
Lybrand.
(c) Fiji Development Bank — Accounting Pees, not available,,
Audit Fees: 1977 - $5,534; 1978 - $6,286. Paid to Peats
Marwick & Mitchell.
(d) Fiji Electricity Authority - Accounting Fees: 1977 - $1,206;
1978 - $9,339. Audit Fees: 1977 - $13,000; 1978 - $15,812.
Paid to Peat, Marwick & Mitchell.
(e) Fiji Pine Commission - Accounting Fees: 1977 - $2,250.
Audit Fees: 1977 - $5,000; 1978 - $6,500. Paid to Price*
Waterhouse & Co.
(f) Fiji Sugar Corporation Limited ~ Accounting Fees; 1977 ~
$15,500; 1978 - $15,500. Audit Fees: 1977 - $14,500;
1978 - $19,500- Paid to Peat, Marwick & Mitchell.
(g) Fiji Visitors Bureau — Accounting Fees, not available*
Audit Fees: 1977 - $2,580; 1978 - Not yet fixedo Paid to
Auditor General.
(h) Land Development Authorities -
(i) Uluisaivou Corporation - Accounting Fees, not available.
Audit Fees: 1977 - $750; 1978 - Not yet fixed. Paid to
G. Lai & Co.
(ii) IKA Corporation - Accounting Fees, not available.
Audit Fees: 1977- $1,000; 1978 - $875. Paid to G. Lai &
Co.
(iii) Yalavou Rural Development Board (established 26,1.78) -
Accounting Fees, not available. Audit Fees; 1977~ not
available; 1978 - not yet fixed. Paid to Kapadia,
Singh & Co.

(i) Fijian Development Fund Board - Accounting Fees: 1977 ~
$2,120; 1978 - not available. Audit Fees: 1977 - $720;
1978 ~ Not yet fixed. Paid to Coopers & Lybrand.
(j) Native Land Trust Board - Accounting Fees, not available.
Audit Fees: 1977 - $8,500; 1978 - $6,500. Paid to Coopers &
Lybrand.
(k) Rabi Island Fund - Accounting Fees, not available. Audit
Fees, not available. No accounting firm involved.
(1) Sugar Board - Accounting Fees, not available. Audit Fees:
1977 - $650; 1978 - $650. Paid to Coopers & Lybrand.
Travelling Expenses of the Minister of State
for Youth and Sports
(Question No.2/79)
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH asked the Government, upon notice:
Will the Government provide this House with full details of
(a) expenses incurred by the Minister of State for Youth and
Sports for air fares for trips between Suva and Nadi on
official Ministerial business, and the nature of such
business;
(b) total number of air trips between Suva and Nadi made by
the present Minister of State for Youth and Sports since his
appointment in October 1977;
(c) total mileage claimed by the said Minister between Suva and
Nadi, and to Votualevu?
HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN FALVEY.- M r. P r e S i d e n t, S i r ,
could I take this opportunity of saying, once again,
that a great deal of time of this House would have been saved if that
question had asked for a written answer.
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH.- Just to give you people some
work.
HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN FALVEY.- The reply to part (a) of the
question is that the cost of air fares between Suva/Na<3i on official
functions from October 1977 up-to-date is $882.
(b) total number of air trips since appointment in October 1977
is 21.
(c) There was no mileage claim for the period as the Minister is
entitled to use a government chauffeur driven car.
HON. SKNATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH.- A supplementary question, Sir,
; Would Government now inform the nature of business for which the
\\ travelling allowance was used.
HON. SENATOR SIR JOJIN FALVEY.- It was for attendance on official
functions, as the reply has indicated.
i HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH.- Mr. President, Sir,that still
; does not answer my question. My question, simply, is...

MR. PRESIDENT.- Order! Will you just ask your supplementary
question?
HON. SENATOR KAOR BATTAN SINGH.- What was the nature of business
of the Minister? Was it opening any schools or Ramayan Mandilis? Or
was it for personal use?
HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN FALVEY.-This auestion is obviously.inspirediy
somebody in another House, Sir, and might have been addressed to the
Minister concerned. All I can say is that as the question reads, it
does not ask for specific details of the purpose of every visit made
by the Minister of State to the other side of the island. But the
reply does indicate that they were for attendance at official
ministerial functions.
Composition of Statutory Bodies
(Question No.3/79)
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH asked the Government, upon notice:
Would the Government inform the House who are the Chairman and
members of the following bodies:-
(a) Board of Fire Commissioners of Suva;
(b) Central Monetary Authority of Fiji;
(c} Fi j i Development Bank;
(d) Fiji Electricity Authority;
(e) Fi j i Pine Commi ss ion;
(f) Fiji Sugar Corporation Limited;
(g) Fiji Visitors Bureau;
(h) Land Development Authority and Corporation established by
the Authority;
(i) Fijian Development Fund Board;
(j) Native Land Trust Board;
(k) Rabi Island Fund;
(1) Sugar Board?
HON. SENATOR SIR VIJAY Jl. SINGH.-
The answers are as
follows:-
(a) Board of Fire Commissioners of Suva -
The Chairman is normally the Mayor of Suva; the present
Chairman is the chief Administrator of the Suva City Council,
other Members are -
A nominee of the insurance companies operating in Fiji,and
the present nominee is Mr. L.G. Liddel and the third member
is the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Urban
Development and Housing.

1979
(b) Central Monetary Authority -
Mr. J.D. Barnes (Chairman)
Mr. H.J. Tomkina (General Manager)
Mr. N.Y. Fong (Member)
Mr. Rasheed All (Member)
Mr. T. Vuetilovoni (Member)
Permanent Secretary for Finance.
(c) Fiji Development Bank ~
Mr. L.G. Usher (chairman)
Mr, L*F. Guthery (Managing Director)
Mr. J.M. Ah Koy (Member)
Mr. Kalyan Hari (Member)
Mr. J.Y. Kubuabola (Member)
Mr. L.Q. Bulamaibau (Member)
Mr. S,P. Nandan (Member)
Permanent Secretary for Finance.
(d) Fiji Electricity Authority -
Mr. Lionel Yee (Deputy Chairman)
Hon. U.A. Thaggard (Member)
Mr. M.M. Patel (Member)
Dr. S. Tabua (Member)
The Permament Secretary for Finance
(or Deputy Secretary for Finance)
The Permanent Secretary for Worlcs
The appointment of a chairman has yet to be made to
succeed Hon. C. Walker who has resigned.
(e) Fiji Pine Commission -
Mr. Winston Thompson (Permanent Secretary for Finance)
(Chairman)
Mr. Josua Doviverata Vuetiviti Cavalevu (Permanent
Secretary for Fijian Affairs & Rural Development) (Deputy
Chairman)
Mr. Ewen William Gregor (General Manager)
Ratu Jone Nadakaibitu (Member)
Ratu Osea Turaga Gavidi (Member)
Mr, G.H.D. Williams, Conservator of .Forests (Member)
Mr. Josefata Nakausabaria Kamikamica (Member)
Ratu Jone Lala
Mr. Thomas Ford (Member)
Ratu Apimeleki Varakuka
^f) Fiji Sugar Corporation -
Mr. A.D. Leys (Chairman)
Mr. Chimanlal Narsey (vice Chairman)
Mr. M. Ali (Member)
Mr. L.w. Cupit (Member)
Mr. G.S. Mataika (Member)
cfiief Executive, Fiji Sugar Corporation
Permanent Secretary for Finance

(g) Fiji Visitors Bureau -
Mr- Mahendra Motibhai Patel, representing the National
Duty Free Dealers Association (Chairman)
Mr. Richard Porter, representing the Board of Airline
representatives
Mrs. Lorraine Evans, representing the Society of Travel
Agents
Mr, Andrew Thomson, representing the Fiji Hotel Association.
Mr, Rajendra Singh, representing the Fiji Taxi Union
Mr, J. St. Julian, representing the Shipping Companies
Mr, Akuila Savu, representing the Minister of Finance
Dr» Isireli Lasaqa, representing the Minister for Urban
development and Housing.
Mr. Raj Singh, representing the Minister for Tourism,
Transport and Civil Aviation
Mr. Don Diment, Director of Information.
(h) Land Development Authority and Corporation established
by the Authority —
Land Development Authority —
Hon. Ratu J, Tavaiqia (Chairman)
Mr. Lloyd Guthery, Managing Director, FDB, (Deputy Chairman)
Hon. I. Nadalo (Member)
T. Vuetilovorti
Mr, F.M.K. Sherani
Permanent Secretary for Fijian Affairs and Rural Development
Permanent Secretary for Agriculture and Fisheries
Permanent Secreatry for Finance
Uluiaaivou Corporation ~-
Mr. Tomasi Vuetilovoni (Chairman)
Ratu Jone Vata, Ministry of Fijia
Affairs (Deputy Chairman)
Ratu Ropate Ratadra
Mr. Vuniaa Talaeu
Ratu Isikeli Tabuadua (Alternate Jone Raicetae)
Mr. Josefa Mavele
M r . Epeli Raganivatu
Ratu U. Tuidomo (Alternate J, Nakavica)
Official Representatives;
Fijian Affairs - Roko Tui Ra
Agriculture and Fisheries - JB Teawai
Native Land Trust Board - P. Waqa
Fiji Development Bank - G. Reade
Co-operations - G* Bukarau
Yalavou Rural Development Board -
Mr. D.W. Brown (Chairman)
Mr. J. Teawai, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
M r . D. Pickering Ministry for Works.
Mr. S. Waibuta, Ministry of Fijian Affairs.
Mr, W. Savou, Native Land Trust Board
Mr. G. Reade, Fiji Development Bank
Mr. F. Taito, Ministry of Finance.
Mr. F. Gibson, Commissioner western Division
Ratu Kinijioji, Roko Tui, Nadroga*


HUU -
C D Sugar Board -
Mr. J.S. Thomson (Chairman)
Mr. F.M.K. Sherani
Mr. John Warwick King
Mr. Sanat Kumar (Miller's Representative)
Mr. C.K. Nandha (Growers' Representatives)
HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN PALVEY.- To remove doubt and to avoid,
possibly, awkward publicity, would the honourable Senator please
confirm that Sir John Falvey is legal adviser to the Native Land
Trust Board, but is not a member.
HON* SENATOR SIR VIJAY R- SINGH.- I do that. In the text of
the details given to me I do not know why the Ministry officials have
included my colleague's name. I mentioned his name when I noticed that
he was a legal adviser. He is not a member of the Board.
Fi j i Sugar Corporation
Shares
(Question No»4/79)
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH asked the Government, upon notices
Would the Government please inform this Bouse the dates from
which Fiji Sugar Corporation Shares will be available for
purchase by *the cane fanners and mill workers?
HOB. SENATOR SIR JOHN F A L V E Y . - M r. p r e s i d e n t^sir, the
timing of the offer of shares presently held by Government in Fiji
Sugar Corporation Limited to cane farmers, mill workers and the
general public will be made known after consideration has been given
to possible ways and means of assisting individuals to fund these
purchases. Time will also be required to prepare the prospectus for
the share offer*
BILLS - FIRST READING
A Bill to amend the Land Transfer Act, 1971 (3/78)
A Bill to repeal and replace the Customs Tariff Act (22/78)
A Bill to amend the Penal Code (29/78)
A Bill to amend the Ports Authority of Fiji Act, 1975 (30/78)
A Bill to amend the Judges* Remuneration and Emoluments Act,
1974 (1/79)
A Bill to amend the Prescription of Salaries Act, 1974 (2/79)
A Bill to establish the Fiji Law Reform Commission and for
purposes incidental thereto (5/79)
A Bill to amend the Dangerous Drugs Act (6/79)
A Bill to enable Fiji to become a member of the International
Finance Corporation (7/79)
A Bill to amend the Income Tax Act, 1974 (8/79)
HON. SENATOR SIR JOIffif FALVEY.- Mr. President, Sir, I beg
to move that the House do now adjourn till 9.30 tomorrow morning.

I also understand that there is an informal meeting at 11.15 a.m..
if that is acceptable to all.
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH.- Mr. President, Sir, I beg to
second the motion.
Question put.
Motion agreed to.
The House adjourned at 10.35 a.m.

TUESDAY,. 27 MARCH, 1979
The Senate met at 9.30 a.m. pursuant to adjournment,
MR. PRESIDENT took the Chair and read the Prayer.
Present:
All Senators were present.
MINUTES
HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN FALVEY.- Mr. President, Sir, I beg to
move:
That the minutes of the sitting of the Senate held on
Monday, 26 March, 1979,as previously circulated toe taken as
read and be confirmed,
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH.- Mr. President, Sir, I beg to
second the motion.
Question put.
Motion agreed to.
COMMUNICATION FROM THE CHAIR
NEW YEAR'S HONOURS - SENATOR RATU
LIVAI VOLAVOLA
MR. PRESIDENT.- I am sure the House would wish us all t» join
together and express our considerable pleasure in conveying our
congratulations to our Senator Vice-president who* as you will recall
in the New Year's Honours was made an officer of the
Miost Excellent Order of the British Empire. So honourable Senators,
I am sure with your approval, I extend to our Senator Ratu Livai
Volavola the sincere congratulations and good wishes of the Bouse on
his acceptance of this preferment from Her Majesty the Queen.
(Acclamation)
HON. SENATOR BIDESI.- Mr. President, Sir, I wish to endorse the
remarks made by your good self. I have been associated with Senator
Ratu Livai Volavola for many years, Sir, and during our term as
councillors, I found him very sincere, a very hard-working man, a
man who stands up not only for his own race. Sir, but for all the
races in Fiji and I take this opportunity of congratulating hiirf in
accepting the citation from Her Majesty the Queen.

HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN FALVEY.- We on this side of the House
would also like to associate ourselves with your remarks. Sir. For
myself X have known Ratu Livai since his early days on the Fijian
Development Fund Board, that was more years ago than I can remember,
and if I could remember I would not disclose it.
In the Senate, Sir, he has been a Member since the Senate was
established so much so that he has now become almost institutionalised.
Be has given very valuable service to the Senate, a fact that we have
recognised by electing him as Vice-president.
Sir, I repeat* we endorse everything that you have said.
BKSR. SENATOR RATU MATAITINI.- Mr. President, Sir, Ratu Volavola
is a nominee of the Great Council of Chiefs, and for one from this
side of the House to pay congratulations to him as has been done
this morning is like patting our own son. But having heard what has
been said about him, I would like to say that he has been a foundation
Member of the Senate of Fiji since 1970 when it was established and
as such, he has also since 1970 never forgotten that he is a repre-
sentative of the Great Council of Chiefs. And although he may have
at times said things that seemed quite heated in his reply to other
Members of this House, I am sure that he has always tried to be fair.
Whatever criticisms may have been levied by him at other Members
in this House, I can vouch for it that it was never meant as a
personal criticism t o a n y S n e Member. So on behalf of the Great
Council of Chiefs we do fully endorse your remarks. Sir, and at the
same time thank you for raising the matter.
HON. SENATOR J>N1A.~ \\ also rise, Mr. President, to add the
Council of Rotuma'a congratulation to the honourable Senator. I am
very proud that Her Majesty has found it expedient to grant such a
high honour more so as I was one of his old teachers, and it gives
me great pleasure in that I may have contributed to his success.
With these remarks, Mr. President, I congratulate him sincerely.
HON. SEHATOR RATU VOLAVOLA.- I thank you, Mr. President, Sir,
for your words of congratulations and I would also like to thank
the honourable Senators Bidesi, Sir John Falvey, Ratu Jone Mataitini
and Wilson Inia for the words of congratulations which have really
made me feel very very humble in front of these honourable gentlemen,,
I would also like to take this opportunity of placing on record,
Sir, my thanks to the many friends who had written and telephoned
their congratulations, aid also those who had come to my house to
congratulate me personally.
Of the letters which I received congratulating me, one waa
from a friend in Auckland, Mr. Max Bay, formerly of the Education
Department of Fiji and another from the Saunders family now in
Canberra.
With this brief remark, I thank you very much, Mr. President,
Sir.

HON. SENATOR SIR VIJAY R. SINGH.- Mr. President. Sir, I beg
to move:
That a Bill to amend the Land Transfer Act, 1971 be read
a second time.
HON. SENATOR KAPADIA.- Sir, I second the motion.
HON. SENATOR SIR VIJAY R. SINGH.- Mr. President, Sir( the Bill
makes two amendments to the Land Transfer Act, amendments of '&
technical nature. At present Section 159 sub-section (2) does not
allow a joining or any other areas of land to be included in "the
certificate of easement which in terms of the sub-section as it ia
presently worded is restricted to the subdivisional lots ahown in
the plan referred to in the certificate. This restriction, Sir#
presents particular difficulties when the subdivision of a large
area of land is progressively carried out and is consequently the
subject of several deposited plans. The insertion of the proposed
additional phrase in the sub-section will obviate this difficulty«,
In terms of sub-section (3) pf Section 159, it is required that
a certificate of easement shall be lodged at the same time as the
relevant plan is deposited. However, Sir, those who practise
conveyancing will lenow that these plans have to be approved by the
computing section of the Lands Department and considerable delays
are encountered.
Additionally, the sub-section deals only with plans now being
registered and does not extend to include old subdivisional plans
previously deposited. In these cases easements can only be created
by resorting to the cumbersome procedure which formerly governed
the creation of simple easement. Both these problems can be overcome
by allowing the Registrar of Titles* discretion to accept certifi-
cates of easements for registration at a time other than that at which
the plan is deposited. The amendment to sub-section (3) proposes
accordingly.
I commend the Bill to the House.
HON. SENATOR KAPADIA.- Mr. President, Sir, the Land Transfer
Act was enacted by the Parliament of Fiji in 1971. It is a fairly
comprehensive document dealing with the transfer of land, the
registration of transfer, mortgagees, leases and all other matters
pertaining to land. All those who deal with the matters of regis-
tration in respect of dealings in land consider that the existing
legislation is a good piece of legislation and covers a large variety
of matters which are faced by solicitors and others.

The Sill before the House deals with two matterss namelyf the
certificates of easement and t,tm deposit of platiu
Mr* President, Sirs I tfolrtk it would be relevant to mention
here that the time has B O W come when we should examine whether the
Act coold be further improved upon, to meet the changed conditions
in vhxefa we now livs. If we .look around urban and aemi^urban areaes
we will immediately notice that there is a considerable shortage of
.freehold land available for the construction of homos and commercial
premises. Because of a combination of factors influencing the market,
the prices of vacant blocks of land haves gone up very hlgha This
calls for a maximum use of the available land, There? are various
methods by which we could do thate Firstly,, of coarse, is permitting
high-rise buildings, Tb/are are some restrictions in this regard
from the Town Planning Department,,
The other suggestion is for introducing the system of issuing
strata titles, I think it is necessary to explain what that term
Meats© aa all the honourable Senators may not be atolls to appreciate
•the phrase 8strata titles61 a When a person holds a blocX of freehold
land h.m ia issued with a CfiE't,if ieate of Title by the Registrar of
Titles showing thst he owns that lande The lav/ as it stands nofe" Is
that anything that is built on that blocfe of land becomes part of
that land and the ownership of that is wasted in the person Who
holds that block of land, Xa several countries, tb.e system has been
introduced whereby in cases of buildings on a block of land having
more than one storey., it Is possible for the Registrar of Titles to
iesme m separate title in respect, of the various storeys in the
building. 'Let us take an illustration,. Let us say Mr. Ram Frasad
owiia a five—storey buildings. As raat-ters stand now, "he is the owner
of tine entire Ixiilding,, But if the system of strata title is per*-
twitted
i
s then each of trie- five-storeys could foe owned by five
different, persons* It seems to mef Sir, that this system has worked
well in softie countries and there is rso reason why it cannot work in
Fiji as well* This matter has been talked about for quite some time,
but nothing constructive sterns to have been done in this regard. One
gets the iiapression that the matter has not. been given the serious
conm ider at ion that. It deserves, There are two reasons for coming to
that conclusiona Qnes if the system of introducing strata titles
ia desirable, why lias the legislation not besn brought forward
to implement, it? Secondly s if the system has nn surmount able problems
and is MiliJgely to 'worlc in Fiji, wby has the Ministry responsible
not outlined those problems so that the people may know what those
problems a:ce and may try to find solutions to iron them out? 1
would urge tlie <3overrMn©nt $ Sir „ to give serious consideration to
this stiatter and investigate thoroughly whether we cosild xntrodtsce
that in Fiji with advantageP

1979
HON. SENATOR SIR JOHN FALVE*,- Mr, President, Sir, the Minister
responsible is the honourable Attorney-General, and in case the last
speaker is suggesting that the present incumbent has been guilty of
neglect, I would like him and this Mouse to know that the question of
strata titles has been under consideration for nine years. There
are difficulties, not insurmountable difficulties. Sir, but the Crown
Law Office has been at pains to ensure that any legislation that is
brought down removes to the greatest extent possible, the difficul-
ties which have been experienced in places like Australia, New Zealand
and the United States.
Sir, with regard to the substantive Bill X may say that I am
very glad that it is at last seeing the light of day. 'i'his also was
a Bill which was drafted during my incumbency- i may say. Sir, that
the initiative was taken by a member of the legal profession and
was seized upon by the Crown Law Office with the result that we
see today.
it may sc<yn to honourable Senators who are not closely cojinec-^
ted with conveyancing matters that this is a highly academic point.
You, Sir, as a practising solicitor will be able to assure the
House, if you were allowed to, that it will be a trtauundous conve-
nience not only to practitioners but also to the public who are
concerned with land transactions. I strongly support the Bill, Sir.
HON. SENATOR WEAVER,- Mr. President, I rise to support the
Bill before this House and also to commend the previous two speakers
on their words of advice to us. Any legislation that facilitates
the use of land anywhere is to be welcomed, and when we turn our
minds to Senator Kapadia's remarks on steps that should be taken
towards strata titles to encourage the use of the limited land that
is available, he brings to my mind some of the problems that will
arise by encouraging urban drift.
Now, while I would never speak against any move that facilita-
tes the accessibility of living space, I would also like the Govern-
ment to have a look at steps that would ease urban drift by bringing
about any form of legislation be it by way of finance or otherwise,
that encourages the people of Fiji to occupy and use the land away
from the towns. If the land away from the towns is more intensively
used, the urban drift would not be as strong as it is, the producti-
vity of this country would increase and I think the standard of
living and the happiness of everyone here would certainly rise. So
while we recognise the advisability of these measures taken by
Government, measures that we all welcome, indeed, I would like to
say a word in favour of anything that can be done to facilitate
better and more use of the land away from the urban areas.
HON. SENATOR RATU LBVULA.- Mr. President, Sir, I would also
like to participate on this Bill. When we are talking about transfers
I do understand that about 83 per cent of the land in the country
belongs to the Fijians. I would like to ask the Government to ensure
that the land-owning units concerned are consulted before anything
is done because once a land is transferred it is completely out of
the hand of the owner. In the colonial days. Sir, I understand that

decision-making power for roading, drainage or any other develop-
ment was in the hands of the Governor, but now i ask the Government
to look into the matter concerning Fijian land.
With that short statement, Sir, I strongly support the motion.
HON. SENATOR RATU MATAITINI.- Mr. President, Sir, part of the
amendment says that the words "and any other areas of land" be in-
serted in the substantive clause. Reading those words alone makes
me feel a little apprehensive because if the subdivision of a freehold
land is near a native land then the amendment can allow the easement
certificate to include that native land also. But, reading the sub-
stantive clause 159, it does not bring that about, and I now would
like to read sub-section (1) of that substantive clause!
"A proprietor of any land subject to the provisions of this Act
may when depositing a map or plan of such land under the
provisions of section 158..."
How,may I read the first two lines of section 158, Sir:
"After the subdivision of land and deposit of a map or plan
under the provisions of the last preceding section,..."
The last preceding section, which is section 157, Sir, mentions
there that!
"Any proprietor subdividing any land subject to the provisions
of this Act..."
So I take it. Sir, that if there are two different owners having
their land adjacent to each other it the easement certificate is
given to cover one area of land owned by one person that certificate
of easement, as the wording of the amendment says. Sir, will not
automatically include the land owned by the second person. And, if
I am right in saying that, Sir,then I agree with the amendment,
but it the first proprietor applies for a certificate of easement
and without the knowledge of the second proprietor that his land is
being included in the certificate of easement, then I would not
agree with the amendetent. But having read clauses, 157,158 and
159 I feel sure, Sir, that my apprehension is not correct because a
proprietor can only apply for easement over the land whether sub-
divided or not that he owns* X hope,Sir, that I am correct in
saying that, otherwise I will go against the amendment.
HON. SENATOR SIR VIJAY R. SINGH.- Perhaps, I may begin with
Senator Ratu Mataitini's comments and assure him that his under-
standing of the position is quite correct. No owner of a parcel of
lands can adversely affect the rights and interest of an adjoining
owner or any other area without the concurrence and approval of that
other owner. The proposal of the Bill really emanates from the
situation where one owner of a large track of land wishes to sub-
divide his land in stages. Two that come readily to mind are the
Housing Authority and the other, the Pacific Harbour development
at Deuba. But the easements that are created in such a situation
for instance, let us take Housing Authority, must be created by the

Boasing Authority over land of which it is the proprietors If the
situation should arise where the adjoining interest has to be
affected, say in the cage of a right of way or a drainage easement,
then that owner's consent must be obtained.
I also refer to the question of leases. A lessee has a limited
interest in a piece of land - limited by, a time. Xf the easement is
to run beyond the term of the lease, then obviously unless the
consent of the lessor or the owner who had leased the land Siad foeen
taken, the easement may run out with the lease. So whenever a lease
is concerned, I should imagine that it would be prudent if the
easement is to subsist for all time that the consent both of the
lessee as well as the lessor be obtained.
I refer to the comments of Senator Kapadia in relation to
strata title. The matter as my colleague has explained, haa been
under consideration for quite some time. At one time while Sir John
Falvey was the Attorney-General, a decision was made to seek an
appropriate qualified and experienced person from overseas to draft
the necessary legislation. Subsequently, Sir, it was discovered that
it is at present possible to grant title in respect of a flat or a
unit of building in a multi-storey building and register that by way
of a lease, not by way of a freehold title which strata title permits*
And, while we are subject to persuasion, we believe that it would be
advisable to operate under the existing legislation and gain am: own
experience under local conditions.
Vou will find, Sir, that in the case of strata title, law and
social conditions become intertwined. The greatest proponents of
strata title are developers. As far aa developers are concerned,
they can put up a block of flats with 20, 30 or 40 individual flats,
sell them to 20 or 30 individual owners and walk awaye But. it is
these 20 or 30 people, who are more often than not strangers to 0&c:h
other who have to live together. They have to maintain the grounds,
they have to maintain the stairs or lifts, they have fco enforce s
sort of discipline in the corridors ana common-user facilities.
HON. SENATOR KAUR BATTAN SINGH.- Like the Housing Authority.
HON. SENATOR SIR VIJAY R. SINGH.- Now the experience of some
countries, in particular as mentioned by my learned colleague,
Australia has shown that in the wake of this development, there have
been problems and the problems are less as you go up the ladder of
affluence because the wealthy cannot be bothered too much about
worrying about the cost of repairs to the lift or to the staircase
or the cost of keeping the yard clean, but as you come down the
economic ladder where people watch their dollars and cents more
carefully, then the group that has to manage the common facilities
creates tensions.
Also, Sir, when you have older people without children and
usually in these apartments without pets, they levy no problem!,, but
when you come down the age ladder, young families with children!
running up and down the corridors creating disturbance for others,
here, too, social tensions arise. And then* also as part of age
connotation to some extent, you can have very noisy parties in one
apartment which completely disturbs the quiet enjoyment of those who
occupy nearby flats. Who is going to be the policeman? Who is going

to be the arbitrator in thia? I am not giving fancy concocted
problems - these are real problems that nave arisen.
Now, a developer is not really concerned about what happens
after he has developed, sold and hopefully made a profit and gone
away. But these are the problems that those who purchase have to
live with, and I believe tftat it is fair and proper that in
considering this legislation, we consider not only the benefits
economically to the country as a whole by a greater and a more
intense civilisation of land and the benefits to the developers,
but also the social costs which are part and parcel of such
development and are likely to be more so in our community where there
are a number of affluent people who will buy such apartments is so
limited. It is for that reason that we prefer to see the long-term
lease system operate under the existing legislation and see what the
problems come up for which we may have to make appropriate provision
in any strata title legislation that we devise.
That is all I have to say on what the observation makes. Sir,
but I ought to confirm what my learned colleague on my left has said,
that this Bill was really drafted and published in his time. My
fellow Senators may wonder why this rather enormous delay in
bringing it forward, and perhaps I should explain that. Sir.
Because a very senior and respected member of tne legal
fraternity thought that there ought to be a few other amendments to
the Land Transfer Act, and rather than have a number o£ Bills
amending the same Act, I withdrew the Bill when it first came up
before the House of Representatives to be able to incorporate those
other amendments. Unfortunately, sir, while this was what was
intended by the amendment that tnis learned Member had in mind, it
became very difficult to put it in words, and if you want to know more
about it# I suggest you call on the gentleman I am referring to — he
may only be a partition away from you, sir.
Question put.
Motion agreed to.
Bill read a second time.
In Committee!
Clauses 1, 2, title and enacting clause agreed to.
The House resumed;
Bill reported without amendment, read a third time and passed.
{Act No. 2 of 1979).
CUSTOMS TARIFF BILL, 1979
HON. SENATOR KAPADIA.- Mr President, Sir, I beg to move:
That a Bill to repeal and replace the Customs Tariff Act be
read a second time,
HON. SENATOR RAMB1SHESWAR.- Mr President, Sir, I beg to second
the motion.

MR PRESIDENT.- Order' Honourable Senators, before I call on the
mover, I wish to convey the usual message from the House of
Representatives and with your permission, I will also add the other
Money Bill mentioned relative to the other Bills which are on the
Order Paper. The message reads:
"This is to certify that pursuant to Section 63 of the
Constitution, a Bill to repeal and replace the Customs
Tariff Act, a Bill to amend the Ports Authority of Fiji
Act, 1975, a Bill to enable Fiji to become a Member of
the International Finance Corporation, a Bill to amend
the Income Tax Act. 1974, a Bill to amend the Judges
Remuneration and Emoluments Act, 1974, and a Bill to
amend the prescription of Salaries Act, 1974, are
Money Bills."
Now I call on the mover. Honourable Senator Kapadia,
HON. SENATOR KAPADIA.- Mr President, Sir, the present Customs
Tariff Act came into force in September, 1968. Since then, it has
been amended on a number of occasions. In 1974, the legislation on
the subject was very heavily amended by adopting the international
system of classification of imported and exported goods known as
the Brussels Nomenclature.
The Bill before the House is in effect the consolidation of a
number of amendments that have been made to the legislation over the
years. The proposed Bill, in other words. Sir, brings together the
entire legislation on the subject in one piece so that the present law
of the Customs Tariff Act can be readily ascertained. The honourable
Senators will notice that whereas the clauses in the Bill are covered
by only three pages, the Schedule of the Bill has several chapters
and nearly 280 pages.
Mr President, Sir, one of the most important amendments to the
existing legislation is the proposed change in the manner in which the
amendment to the present law could be affected. i'he situation^ now is
that the tariff rates should be changed by a resolution of the House
of Representatives or by an order of a Minister responsible for
finance which is ratified subsequently by the House of Representatives,,
The honourable Senators will remember that whereas the resolutions
affecting the customs tariffs were debated in the House of Represen-
tatives, they n0ver came before this House. The change proposed by
this Bill would mean that the Government would not be able to change
the tariffs by merely obtaining the approval ot the House of
Representatives. It will have to come not only before the House but
also before the Senate before it becomes law. Mr president. Sir, 1
consider that as a major milestone in the history ol the Senate, and
I vculd like to congratulate the Government for giving due importance
to this House.
Mr President, Sir, the Bill proposes that tne moment an amendment
is published, the Comptroller of Customs would be entitled to collect
revenue on that basis. This is a practical measure. If it is not
done that way, people could take advantage of the proposed changes.
However, Sir, if the proposal is not accepted by the House of

Representatives, or the proposed amendment is further amended or
varied,, then the difference in duty would be refunded to the people
who have paid. Therefore, there would be no injustice to those who
are required to pay the duty at the new rate upon the publication
of the amendment.
The final clause in the Bill validates. Sir, all the duties
levied, collected and paid in terms of the Customs Tariff Act
(Amendment) Order, 1974 and subsequent Orders amending the First
Schedule to the repealed Customs Tariff prior to the commencement of
this Act. This is done in order to remove any doubt about the
validity of amending the Schedule to the Customs Tariff Act by merely
adopting a resolution of the House of Representatives or by an Order
of the Minister subsequently approved by the House.
With these words. Sir, i commend the Bill to the House.
HON. SENATOR WEAVER.- Mr President, Sir, firstly as I am a payer
of import duties, I must declare my interest in the Bill.
I would also like to endorse the remarks of the previous speaker
in welcoming Government's change of attitude in presenting money
matters to both Houses of Parliament and taking a more logical and a
more cautious approach to the collection and spending of this
country's money.
The Bill in question, Mr President, does do some damage to
Fiji's image as a place where visitors from other countries can come
and do some shopping under terms which are far more favourable than
in their own countries. Over the last 10 to 15 years, there has been
a development of the tourist industry that has had, as it is vivid,
the image of duty-free shopping in Fiji. I use the word "image"
because we have never had duty-free shopping in Fiji in its fullest
meaning. But of late and even with this Bill here, that image has
been tarnished and unfortunately it is tarnished at our level. By
that I mean by Parliament enacting legislation which leads towards a
tarnishing of that image, that no matter how hard we try, Fiji has
earned a reputation as a place for duty-free shopping. It is too late
now to try and erase that image in the minds of many hundreds of
thousands of visitors overseas who still look towards this country
as not only a place to enjoy the surf, the sea, the sand and the sky,
but also a place where they can make these attractive purchases.
Mr President, this country some time ago embarked on the
development of expanding the tourist industry as a means to an end,
that end being the dqvelopment of this country and the better
distribution of the wealth and opportunities that are available to
the citizens. That tourist industry has in early days been
thoroughXy successful and this shopping aspect has had a great
economic impact on the entire society, without the duty-froe trade,
tourism's growth would have been a lot slower. The related economic
benefits to the nation must diminish and the pace of national develop-
ment retarded. Now tnen if we want to go ahead and have the develop-
ment at the pace that we have been used to, if we want to accelerate
that or even just maintain it, we must look after this particular

facet of the tourist industry that plays such ^ vitaX role. This part
of the industry provides employment to the job-*«tarved economy at a
number between 1,200 and 1,500 jobs, These are jobs that are
permanent in the society. It is a field that can be developed but it
cannot be developed it we keep on passing legislation that entrenches
an imposition ot a tax or duty on a would—be or so—called duty-free
trading area. It has always been argued that it is only a little
amount, and certainly in the early days when this type of taxation was
introduced, we called it the Port and Customs Service Tax and it
started off at 2h per cent, and we were told by Government and assured
most strongly that the 2*5 per cent was only a little bit and no one
would notice the difference. Then the 2h p©r cent rose to 3 per cent.
But the arguments presented were unchanged, it was only a little bit.
The 3 per cent then went to 5 per cent and from 5 per cent to 10 per
cent. Coupled with these increases, we see all around us our
neighbouring territories developing a tourist trade of their own, and
quite sensibly they looked towards Fiji for some measure of guidance
and they realised that a large measure of our success was due to the
attraction of duty-free shopping. At the same time our two major
source countries of visitors, Australia and New Zealand, took steps
to reduce the flow of their money into Fiji's coffers by not only
restricting the amount of merchandise that & tourist was allowed to
bring home with him, but those countries also developed a duty-free
industry of their own. These exercises have all had a cumulative
eroding effect on the duty—free industry in the country. It is
unfortunate that our Constitution precludes us from amending this
legislation, otherwise we would be very happy to go ahead and chop
some of those 10 per cents out.
The Government has been very conscious that at our present rates
of trade, we are looking at revenue of about $1.8 million, there
being about $18 million worth of imports according to the latest
figures available and 10 per cent on the $1.8 million. It has been
said, can it be shown where Government can recoup that money? well.
Sir, we can use exactly the same arguments as were used by Government
when it first introduced duty-free legislation a number of years ago
when they abolished the duty and just left the tax behind. The
arguments are exactly the same. If you remove a cost at source then
the retail price must go down. In a proportion greater than the
percentage of that reduction because it is a habit of any commercial
exercise to apply write-ups, profits and costs as a percentage to
your basic costs, therefore if you reduce your basic cost, that is
the best way of reducing the price. When we reduce the price, we
attracted as many hundreds of thousands of visitors to this shore and
we developed accordingly. And without that attraction of those
hundreds of thousands of tourists who spent millions of dollars, this
country could never have made the progress that it has done.
If we are trying to recoup our $1,8 million, we will need
approximately $5 million worth of profit in the industry alone because
from that $5 million you are going to get back $1.8 million. Please
forgive me, Mr president, for dealing in all round figures, it is
purely a debating point, not an accounting one.

Just from the increased profits amongst the traders themselves.
Government will recoup the 31*8 million or any equivalant loss of
revenue. This is a hypothetical exercise and it can never be proved
unless you do it. The industry and the people of Fiji can only
implore the Government to take the necessary and bold steps as it
took in the past - abolish the duty, develop the trade and reap the
benefits of the increased money from taxes as a result of the higher
profits. You would find that a turnover approximating $15 million
would give you the kind of profits that we are looking at. That
$15 million, Mr President, would be in foreign exchange. So, not only
do we recoup our $1.8 million of revenue that might have been lost,
but we get about $15 million in foreign exchange extra.
It can be argued, how can we guarantee that this will happen?
We cannot. But what, we could do is have a look around at a city like
Suva. We all know that if any merchant wants to increase his profit
or his turnover, the first thing he does is have a lutusobu or a
sale where he reduces his prices. And there, Mr President, is the
very evidence that we are looking for. you always increase your
turnover and your trade if you are able to reduce your prices. It
has been said, c&n Government be assured that the prices will be
reduced? Let me assure you, Mr President, that trading in Fiji
is a highly competitive exercise — very very much indeed. And if you
give any traders the opportunity to get ahead of their competitors,
they will. Not only are they looking at tneir competitors within
this country^ but they are also looking at their competitors in the
neighbouring countries. So let me assure you. Sir, that this effect
will be very positive and very immediate.
Another concern of Government in this particular item is what
they call leakage and while I asked a question in this House last
year, I must confess that I was a little bit disappointed because
it did not answer tne question. On the question ot leakage. Govern-
ment has boldly come out and accused the entire duty—free trading
community that there was an amount in 1976 of $7 million leaked from
this dountry. We are only importing $18 million and in those years
we were only importing $16 million, and if you put a write-up to bring
it up to $28 million, where on earth are you going to get the $7
nUllion to siphon off overseas? It just does not add up. At the time
I asked my question, I took the opportunity to avail myself of the
invitation to visit the Central Planning office. I was told that the
$7 million related to the entire country, and under no circumstances
could it ever be related to one particular industry within our entire
economy. But the idea still remains in the minds of Government, that
the duty-free industry is siphoning-off millions of dollars, and let
me hasten to point out tnat I will be the last one to say that leakage
does not occur. I am sure it does, but certainly not to the extent
of $7 million in any one year. And it can never be leaked by the
shopkeepers, because any merchant in Fiji will tell you and any
minimal enquiry will show tuat the retailers wno receive foreign
©^change over their counters are now no longer the importers of the
goods. Therefore, they must pay for those goods in Fiji currency and
the only way to pay for those goods in Fijian currency is to bank the
foreign exchange to get the Fiji currency to pay the wholesaler in

Suva or what other centres they reside in. Therefore it is an
impossibility for leakage to occur to that extent at those locations,,
The other amazing thing that I was told in the Central Planning
Office was that the $7 million was as a result of doing two projec-
tions, and there was a difference between the two of $7 million. I
was told that it could have been the way that the statistics were
collected; one can easily be out by, say, 10 per cent, but you cannot
guarantee all of the figures for statistical purposes. Some of the
figures could be guaranteed, but not all. And the tourist industry
as a whole in that year 1976, was stated to be, and they could get a
fairly firm figure from the bank of $70 million. It was agreed
that a 10 per cent margin of error was very likely. So while there
was a difference at the bottom of the page of $7 million, it can
never be attributed to leakage. It is just an error or an outage
in the compilation of figures, all of which can never be guaranteed.
MR PRESIDENT.- Would it be convenient Senator Weaver, for you to
finish or may I interrupt you to take the adjournment?
HON. SENATOR WEAVER.- Mr President, I would prefer the adjourn-
ment.
MR PRESIDENT,- orderj The House is adjourned for 20 minutes.
The House adjourned at 10.40 a.m.
The House resumed at 11.00 a.m.
HOJI. SENATOR WEAVER.- Mr President, Sir, the tea break has not
given me more steam so I want to assure the Members that they are not
in for a lengthy session on this particular speech.
Sir, I was on the point of leakage and the proportions that
are attributed to the industry. I also mentioned that I cannot deny
that leakage does not take place, but it is almost infinitesimal from
that section of the industry because they do not have access to that
amount of foreign exchange. Other sections of the industry certainly
do have access to amounts very much in excess of that figure. Customs
tariff is a vital instrument in the attraction of foreign exchange
and protecting it to keep in this community, and to use it in the
way it was intended to be used. That leakage exists, in effect, is a
form of complaint by the population at large, because X look on at tne
departure from this country of money as a prelude to the departure
of the person, because no one will send his hard-earned money out of
this country unless he wishes to follow it himself. So, we look at
the more serious sign of the leakage problem and keep in our minds
that it is the prelude to the departure of son© of our most able
people. Those who have the ways and means o£ doing it legitimately,
unfortunately, are some of our most able people.
The other part of the Bill, Sir, is the high duty on spare parts
of every nature. We have watches with only 10 per cent tariff on them,
but the parts are heavily taxed, with the subsequent result that in
Fiji today we only have two or three watch repairers, 'i'here was a
day when we had quite a team of these skilled tradesmen in this
community, that not only fixed watches but they fixed all other kinds





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