| || || Naioko, Alifereti.|
| || || Forest livelihood : a social and economic analysis of the causes and impact of deforestation in Fiji |
Institution: University of East Anglia.
Subject: Deforestation -- Fiji, Deforestation -- Social aspects -- Fiji, Deforestation -- Economic aspects -- Fiji
Call No.: pac SD 418 .3 .F5 N24 1999
Copyright:40-60% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Fiji a former colony of Great Britain until 1970 consist of more than 300 islands scattered over 15 degrees south of the equator. Geologically it has a young landscape and its evolutionary isolation makes its environmental resources vulnerable to loss in degradation. During the past decades the issue of deforestation in Fiji has been a pressing issue. This came into the light after Fiji starts to experience some of the major environmental problems relating to deforestation, droughts, excessive flooding and soil erosions to name few. In a world where, Fiji as a predominately agricultural society, trades with the Industrialised societies, global market force magnify the extraction of natural resources, and in some areas in Fiji this has reached its optimal. The theme of this paper is based on the effects of forest removal on the livelihood of the people who depended on it .The forest for generations has been very important to subsistence communities. They hold high respect for the values of the forest. The forest has served as a source of wide range of food, fuel, a source of income not mentioning the many traditional secrets it holds. The forest contributes to around 50 per cent of gross household consumption needs in a traditional subsistence community (South Pacific Environmental Programme Report, 1992). Over the years the forest has been replaced by alternative land use, vast areas of land shave been cleared to make way for agricultural and infrastructure or other economic related activities. However, these alternative developments have not fully replaced and compensate for the loss that has taken place in the forest, and its effects on people's livelihoods. So the challenge lies in the unearthing of the many factors causing deforestation, recognising the effects and possibly offering alternatives to identify solution.