| || || Naparau, Michael Busai|
| || || The contribution of beef industry to Vanuatu's growth and development |
Author:Naparau, Michael Busai
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Beef industry -- Vanuatu
Call No.: pac HD 9433 .V3 N362 2013
Copyright:40-60% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: This thesis adds to the existing body of literature on trade-growth/development nexus by examining the growth contributions of Vanuatu’s beef industry. It uses both field survey and time series econometric with data from 1980-2008 to show that while the growth effects are small and positive, they seem to have reversed after the government intervention in early 1990s. However, despite these, it is argued that the growth contributions may not be persistent because the supply of cattle is small and declining. It is argued that changes in the quality of farm technology, extension services, including market linkages and land reform to establish more small and medium farms would improve increase productivity and production levels as well as contributing to a sustainable beef industry. An econometric analysis was used to show the growth effects of beef exports to total exports and total economic growth and developments. The results obtained were impressive and have clearly justified the impact of political instability as a major impediment to the growth of the beef industry. The econometric analysis has also justified that there is positive growth effects of beef exports, although insignificant. The insignificant result suggest that a number of policy measures need to be in place. The most significant recommendation is the need for good governance and political stability. Secondly, there needs to be a land reform policy to foster the establishment of small and medium farms and a general policy of the beef industry and the agriculture sector and trade policies. Third, is to improve infrastructure such as roads and feeder roads from beef farms to the main abattoir, to improve transport both land and shipping, to provide credit to farmers at more affordable interest rates. Training of farmers and research and technology would also play a crucial role in increasing production levels to meet the increase demand both domestic and international. The positive growth effects of beef exports suggest that Vanuatu has more comparative advantage in the beef industry and in particular the opportunity of Organic Beef production and that Vanuatu should specialize more in developing this sector, in light of, sustainable development and the current impacts of climate change.