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close this section of the library Mane, Derek Smiles

View the PDF document Wantok system, poverty and rural development in Melanesia, South Pacific : the case of the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu
Author:Mane, Derek Smiles
Institution: The University of the South Pacific
Award: Ph.D. Development Studies
Subject: Rural development | Solomon Islands | Sociological aspects, Rural development | Vanuatu | Sociological aspects, Social structure | Solomon Islands Social structure | Vanuatu, Poverty | Solomon Islands, Poverty | Vanuatu, Solomon Islands | Social conditions, Vanuatu | Social conditions
Date: 2017
Call No.: Pac HN 49 .C6 M36 2017
BRN: 1361945
Copyright:10-20% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission

Abstract: The use of informal social network to gain favours and access benefits by families or individuals is widely practiced throughout the world. In developing countries, the government sponsored social protection measures are weak, thus, the more common use of informal social protection systems by the poor to cope with poverty and hardships. Informal social networks are often built at kinships, households, neighborhoods, work place and community levels. People use these networks to assist each other when the need arises. In Latin America, the informal social network more popularly known as ‘Parenteso’that allows families to seek assistance via the extended family or kinship. Similar informal network is called ‘Jeito’ in Brazil, ‘Blat/Sviazi’ in Russia and‘Yougo’ in South Korea. In the Pacific region, particularly in Melanesia, especially in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea, such informal social network is called the ‘wantok’ (one- talk). Apart from household coping strategy, the wantok system contributes to mitigate hardship and help in the process of development. This study investigates the ‘wantok’ system and how it functions at the village level in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. The key question asked in this study is: ‘Does the wantok system have any role in contributing to rural development and poverty alleviation in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu? The objective of the study is to understand the nature and the role of the wantok system in enhancing livelihoods, poverty alleviation and rural development in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
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