| || || Manetarai, Selwyn Kole|
| || || Aid impact on education development in the Solomon Islands : a case study of the New Zealand aid for primary education in the East-Central Guadalcanal constituency|
Author:Manetarai, Selwyn Kole
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Education, Primary -- Solomon Islands -- Guadalcanal, East-Central, Economic assistance, New Zealand -- Solomon Islands -- Guadalcanal, East-Central
Call No.: Pac LA 2270 .S6 M36 2008
Copyright:10-20% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Education is a way forward empowering people to become more self-reliant. It is assumed that an educated society is well-informed society that will in turn be resourceful and able to make constructive and sound decisions that would lead to development. Education especially the primary education is a fundamental component of development and a human right. Achieving ‘Education for All’ is a challenge to most of the countries in the developing world. A rapid population growth and limited resources pose constraints in achieving the universal level of education by these countries. Most of the developing countries cannot mobilize their own resources to cope with the growing educational resource demands. They depend on external development assistance in bridging up the resource gap. The development aid is used by these countries as an instrument in meeting the educational resource demands. The Pacific countries depend heavily on development aid particularly from the Pacific Rim countries such as Australia and New Zealand. The Solomon Islands is no exception and it depends on the external sources of aid for meeting its education developmental needs. New Zealand Government started its educational aid Program to the Solomon Islands in 2002.The NZAID Program had allocated a total of NZ $ 33 million to support primary education in the Solomon Islands between 2003 and 2006. The NZ educational aid to the Solomon Islands is provided mainly to support the National Educational Strategic Education Plan, the primary education and tertiary training. Despite substantial resource flow, the primary education in the Solomon Islands remains to be in poor state. The present thesis aimed at assessing the impacts of New Zealand aid on education development in the Solomon Islands especially on the primary education in the study area i.e. East –Central Guadalcanal constituency. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were adopted in the study to achieve the basic objectives. A primary survey was conducted in the study area using structured and semi-structured questionnaire schedules. Six New Zealand –aided primary schools were taken in the study. The main respondents in the primary survey included six head teachers and six teachers from the selected primary schools, forty two households located in the schools’ vicinities from where the children came to the schools. Apart from literacy rates at provinces some indicators such as v enrollment, trained teachers and their gender dimensions, and teacher-student ratios were analysed constituency-wise and school-wise in the study area to assess the primary education development. The study found that the New Zealand education aid created new educational infrastructures such as class rooms, storage facilities, staff rooms and library resources and curriculum development in the study area. The aid was provided to primary schools in the form of fees/ grants, curriculum materials and for educational infrastructure development. The study however, found wide disparities in terms of aid distribution, educational materials, curriculum and infrastructural development and teachers training. Of the six schools studied, all schools received aid in terms of fees/grants, half of them received curriculum materials, one-third schools received grants for infrastructure development and only one school received grants for library resources.