| || || Manoa, Pio Emosi|
| || || Regulation and compliance in Fiji's oceanic fishery|
Author:Manoa, Pio Emosi
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Fishery law and legislation -- Fiji, Saltwater fishing -- Fiji
Call No.: Pac KVN 101 .4 .A33 M36 2008
Copyright:40-60% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Over the past fifteen years, the international community has progressively worked to develop mechanisms to promote fisheries compliance and prevent and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. IUU fishing contributes to overexploitation of fish stocks, deprives the equitable distribution of economic benefits to coastal States, undermines conservation and management measures, and has led to the collapse of fisheries worldwide. Promoting sustainability and responsibility amongst the fishing community will be a continuing challenge as populations escalate and the demand for fish and fish products rise. The temptation and techniques to evade fisheries rules is also expected to change with time and technology. This thesis is primarily about compliance attitudes and behaviour in Fiji’s oceanic fishery. It suggests that technical solutions to promote compliance are just as important as human solutions. The values and morals of a stakeholder and society play an important role in influencing the compliance decision that the fisher takes. The thesis provides the results of research undertaken over five years and assesses whether there is a positive relationship between monitoring control and surveillance capability, and compliance among the licensed fishing community. In analysing this relationship, a simple method for assessing compliance is developed and compared with others proposed in existing literature. In the final analysis, the thesis emphasises that the use of voluntary compliance measures as well as ii coercive compliance measures is the ideal situation for Fiji to move towards. Other incidental recommendations are made to strengthen the implementation of existing measures.