| || || Mapuru, David|
| || || Compliance and regulations in tuna fisheries in the Solomon Islands |
Author: Mapuru, David
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Tuna fisheries -- Law and legislation -- Solomon Islands
Call No.: Pac KVC 813 .T84 M372 2013
Copyright:40-60% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: One of the resources Pacific island countries have in abundant supply is tuna. The Ocean surrounding the island States supplied one third of the world’s tuna and between 40 to 50% of the raw materials for global canneries. The high concentration of tuna stock in the Western Central Pacific Ocean and the depletion of the resource in other oceans have attracted increased fishing activities in the region. This often involves high illegally unreported and unregulated fishing activities. Despite formulation of fisheries rules to control harvesting of tuna resources, illegal fishing continues to bloom. This thesis sets out to study this problem in the Solomon Islands’ fisheries. It aims to understand the reason why fishers continue to break rules. Four questions pursued are (1) What are the motives for breaking rules? (2) Under what conditions do fishers break rules? (3) Under what circumstances do fishers comply with rules? (4)What rules do fishers find difficult to follow and (5) What rules do they find easy? The methodology employed to help understand this problem was qualitative and the means of gathering information was through in-depth interviews with ex-fishers, current fishers of various ranks and other stakeholders. About thirty three personal interviews were conducted and two focus groups. The findings revealed that most fishers involved themselves in IUU fishing activities for economic gain. The goal to maximize their profits makes deterring such activities difficult. Besides, the research found that Solomon Islands has weak enforcement and low penalties. Additionally, politicians often compromise their decisions in favour of violators. These make countering IUU activities difficult. Theoretically, ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’ by Garrett Hardins clearly explains if fishers continue to serve their interest every fishers will become worse off in the long run. Solomon Islands tuna fisheries is slowly moving into that direction if enforcement continues to be weak and fisher are not aware of this threat.
| || || Developing a contingency model for collaborative management : a case study of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission |
Institution: The University of the South Pacific
Award: Ph.D. Management and Public Administration
Subject: Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Fishery management Pacific Ocean, Fishery resources | Pacific Ocean, Fisheries | Pacific Ocean
Call No.: Pac SH 328 .M37 2017
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Earlier studies found that a collaborative management approach is the most suitable way to manage Common-Pool Resources (CPRs), including tuna resources, because it engages those who use the resources in the management process (e.g. Acheson, 2013b; Steelman and Wallace, 2001). This finding inspired institutional policies such as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)(1982), the United Nations (UN) Fish Stock (1995), and the United Nations Implementing Agreement (UNIA) (1995) to recommend using a collaborative management approach in managing the tuna resources of the Western Central Pacific Fisheries (WCPFC), as well as the establishment of Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs). Unfortunately, the WCPFC is now struggling to manage the tuna resources and is found to be weak and ineffective. Using a case study approach, this study explores and explains the collaborative management approach model used by the WCPFC to manage tuna fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO), and develops a new collaborative management contingency model. Based on the earlier studies, there are eleven conditions that affect collaborative management approach outcomes, all of which have to be favourable if the management approach is to be effective