| || || McKenzie, Debra.|
| || || Combatting IUU fishing : Vanuatu's dual role as a coastal state and a flag state |
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Call No.: pac In Process
Copyright:This thesis may NOT be copied without the authors written permission.
Abstract: Vanuatu’s dual role in the fishing industry provides a framework for a study of combatting IUU fishing. Although Vanuatu is not an important fishing State, it plays a role on both sides of IUU fishing activity. On one side, Vanuatu has a role as a flag State which sells the right to fly its flag to fishing vessels which are often involved in IUU fishing on the high seas. It is an opportunity for the island nation to profit from fishing on the high seas. However, it is a difficult and expensive endeavour to ensure that international obligations to regulate the fishery are met given the country’s limited resources, and foreign vessels may reflag to take advantage of this situation. On the other side, Vanuatu has a role as a coastal State, with obligations under regional agreements to regulate fisheries and control IUU fishing in its EEZ. In this case, Vanuatu profits from licensing fees from foreign vessels, but again is not an active participant in the fishery. Vanuatu’s rights and obligations which underlie its dual roles in these fisheries are increasingly defined by international and regional agreements. Vanuatu has exclusive flag state responsibility for its flagged fishing vessels on the high seas, and the country has followed evolving international initiatives to regulate this once largely uncontrolled activity. Vanuatu has had a longer history in the regulation of fishing in its EEZ, having utilized bilateral agreements and legislated licensing provisions since 1980. More recently, Vanuatu has joined other Pacific island States to harmonize conservation and management measures in the EEZ. Vanuatu’s access to offshore fisheries is limited but its evolving role to combat IUU fishing in the high seas and EEZ demonstrates a resolve to participate in the conservation of international fisheries. However, the effort is limited by economic and geographical realities that are difficult to overcome.