| || || Monoilopo, Aidan Hill|
| || || Impact of shipping on development of small island developing states : a case study of inter-island shipping in Solomon Islands |
Author:Monoilopo, Aidan Hill
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Shipping -- Economic aspects -- Solomon Islands
Call No.: pac HE 933 .M662 2013
Copyright:40-60% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Inter-island shipping service provision is a crucial and very distinct element in the development process of Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) especially for Solomon Islands. With the increase in trading activities and globalisation the demand for inter-island shipping has been increasing. A flow of goods and increased mobility of people have been induced between the core centre such as Honiara, and the peripheral scattered islands. Axiomatically, lack of inter-island shipping retards economic and social development in the islands, states. The subject is a most neglected area of research in the SIDS, especially in the Solomon Island. This study has been undertaken to bridge this knowledge gap. The objective is to assess the impact of inter-island shipping on the development in Solomon Islands by comparing Malaita and Isabel provinces with different levels of shipping provision. The methodology adopted for this study is largely qualitative. The ontological assumptions and perspective adopted in this study are those of constructionism whereas the epistemological assumptions, which purport to the nature of knowledge itself, are those of interpretivism. Triangulation of methods was employed in this study. This study finds that inter-island shipping has a profound impact on development, economically, politically and socially, particularly in the case of Solomon Islands. There is a strong linear relationship between level of shipping services provision and development measured by the level of income, mobility, services and physical infrastructure. The increasing demand for shipping depends largely on increased agricultural production, trade and other related factors. As revealed in this study there is a high level of trading activities and high resource exploitation in areas where there is reliable and effective provision of shipping services and vice versa. Heads of households from Isabel province earned monthly incomes ranging from $50 to $200 compared to heads of households from Malaita due to increased production, trade, and mobility. Regular and effective shipping services between Isabel and Honiara enhance their trading activities. In Solomon Islands the viability of shipping services is marred by „free riders‟ due to the „wantok‟ system, and collection of „free handshake‟ fares practiced by ships‟ crews. The financial constraints of many well established shipping companies were exacerbated by mismanagement and misappropriation of shipping companies‟ finances. Thus it is highly recommended that inter-island shipping services in Solomon Islands be made more equally available, effective, reliable and safe. This will require that appropriate policies and regulations be put in place. A holistic approach is needed to help improve this critical sector.