| || || Musudroka, Maria Talei|
| || || School drop-outs and child labour in Fiji : a case study of the rural settings in Vanua Levu|
Author:Musudroka, Maria Talei
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Call No.: pac In Process
Copyright:40-60% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: The circumstances of working children in many parts of the world remain critical especially in developing countries. Perhaps the most disturbing cases of all are those children who are compelled to take up any form of inferior work which could hinder their aspirations and restrict them from achieving their natural capacity. Most importantly are the chances of access to education. Poverty, school drop-outs and child labour are mutually reinforcing. Poverty could mean children having to work and limit their opportunity for education. Lack of education in turn inhibits a child’s chance for better work opportunities. Consequently, children become victims or remain in almost intolerable work conditions for fear of dismissal and punishment. The broad objective of the present study was to bring out the linkages of school drop-outs and child labour with special reference to the rural settings of Vanua Levu in Fiji. The linkages between school drop-outs and child labour both at the macro and micro level were investigated. At the macro level various concepts and aspects revolving around the status of children were conceptualised, and surveyed at the micro level. The education system and infrastructures available were examined and various challenges were identified especially in the rural settings of Vanua Levu in Fiji. The analysis at the micro level focused on households, covering various issues that emerged as the targeted individuals were studied. A triangulation approach with both the qualitative and quantitative methodologies was used in the study though the study was largely based on a qualitative methodology. Data was obtained from both primary and secondary sources. The collection of primary data upon which the whole of this thesis is based involved fieldwork in twelve villages from the three provinces in Vanua Levu, namely Cakaudrove, Bua and Macuata. The facts of the finding of this study through household surveys represents results obtained from very detailed enquiries made through the working children, the parents and key informants. The sample size covered 40 working children from the study areas.