| || || Ravuvu, Amerita|
| || || Climate change financing in the Pacific Island countries : case studies of Fiji and Kiribati|
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Award: M.A. Development Studies
Subject: Climatic changes -- Economic aspects -- Fiji, Climatic changes -- Economic aspects -- Kiribati
Call No.: pac QC 903 .2 .F5 R38 2014
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Climate change financing plays a significant role in minimizing the impacts of global warming and climate change. This present study aims to carry out an assessment of climate change financing types, access and implementation especially in two Pacific island countries – Fiji and Kiribati. The study also focused on gathering information about the efficiency, effectiveness and appropriateness of current funding schemes in the Pacific region and has compared institutional, systemic and individual capacity levels of the selected countries in its attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of current systems. The study was based largely on a qualitative research approach. The sources of data included both primary and secondary sources. The primary data were based on a field survey including 30 participants in the four selected sites in Tebikenikoora and Buariki villages in Kiribati, the Laucala Beach Foreshore and Votua village in Fiji and from 13 relevant government and regional organisation officials. The study found a direct linkage between the severity of impacts of climate change in Pacific island countries and the urgent need to secure climate change financing for practical and focused adaptation efforts. Findings from the community surveys in Kiribati show that efforts to adapt to climate change have not been effective and are not practical for their sustainability. At the systemic level, the study found that Fiji and Kiribati do not possess the national institutional capacity to access, manage and implement channelled funding and the same could be said about most of the region. The lack of capacity, institutional coordination, political will and human resources has greatly hindered the ability of Pacific island countries to access and manage climate change financing funds. The study suggests an immediate streamlining of institutional processes and funding at the national level concerning climate change financing and project implementation in order to manage funds better and gain donor trust in accessing funds directly.