| || || Senibulu, Luisa Matanisiga.|
| || || Professionalism in the military : a case study of the Fiji Military Forces|
Author:Senibulu, Luisa Matanisiga.
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Military education -- Fiji , Military ethics -- Fiji
Call No.: pac UB 124 .F5 S45 2005
Copyright:20-40% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: This thesis begins by exploring military professionalism as a concept. American political theorist Samuel Huntington coined the term military professionalism in the 1960s to denote a well-educated apolitical military focused on core-military roles. Military professionalism was reflective of military institutions in developed liberal democracies like the United States. Other political theorists like Alfred Stepan in the 1970s and Rebecca Schiff in the early 1990s came up with broader definitions of military professionalism to describe third world military institutions in Asia, Latin America and Africa. Stepan (1978) refers to military professionalism as the acquisition of academic and other specialized skills by military personnel for activities within the military, the involvement of the military in the internal governance (social and economic) of a nation and the acquisition of jobs by personnel in civilian spheres. There were five broad objectives and these were to find out if military professionalism was a part of the Fiji Military Forces, the forms military professionalism has taken, factors influencing military professionalism and its impact on the military. In the concluding chapter, the thesis examines challenges to professionalism in the RFMF. Indicators of military professionalism in the post colonial era discussed in the thesis includes academic training undertaken by military personnel, the enhancement of military training, the expansion of functions of the Fiji Military Forces and the overseas engagement of the Fiji Military. Various domestic and international factors have contributed to military professionalism. These include the availability of funding/exchange programs for academic studies, the involvement of the military in peacekeeping and the impact of globalization on the Fiji Military Forces. Military professionalism has positive consequences on the military and the state. On a positive note, the professionalism in the military has resulted in the acquisition of specialized skills (law, medicine and engineering) and the enhancement of military skills and knowledge. Hence personnel are better able to carry out their jobs within the military and also acquire jobs in the civilian sector. Peacekeeping duties have created employment for hundreds of people and have also earned the country millions of dollars in revenue. Specialized training is beneficial to the army personnel, the military and the state. The military has skilled human resources within its ranks that it can make use of and specialized training also opens up job opportunities in the civilian sector benefiting the military personnel and their families. On the whole, the state benefits because it has skilled human resources contributing to nation building. The Fiji Military has faced formidable challenges to professionalism in the military. The military has an overt political role in Fiji and has also taken on a 'developmental' and 'political' role within the state hence its constant meddling in the political affairs of the nation. The military is no longer the neutral servant of the state as demanded by democratic theory. The military's overt role in politics since 1987 has given it political clout to receive a huge budgetary allocation from government. The Fiji Military's role in nation building has proven counter productive to the military and the state. VI Since its role in coups of 1987, there have been questions raised about the military's lack of transparency and accountability with regards to its refusal to allow the Auditor General to audit particular military funds. There has been constant criticism from all sections of society about the increasing expenditure of the military and budgetary allocation it receives from government since 1987.