| || || Teannaki, Tarataake.|
| || || The economic, socio-cultural impacts of cruise tourism in the Republic of Kiribati |
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Call No.: pac
Copyright:This thesis may NOT be copied without the authors written permission.
Abstract: The study investigates social and economic impacts of cruise tourism on the Fanning Island community in the Line Islands archipelago, eastern Kiribati. Lying on the main cruise lines between Hawaii, Tahiti and South Pacific Islands, Fanning is well positioned to benefit from an agreement allowing Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) vessels to call at the island. The research utilised questionnaires, interviews, observation and analysis of public documents to evaluate impacts of the scheme. A representative sample of the island community was surveyed and consultations were held with key island institutions (dominant church groups, Fanning Island Council and the Member of Parliament). Almost half of the I-Kiribati respondents participating in activity catering to the cruise tourists were in their prime (35–44 years old) among whom reflecting the traditional hegemony of the male in decision-making processes in Kiribati society—males predominated. Almost two-thirds of the resident community is self-employed in the cottage handicraft industry catering to the tourist demands. Cruise tourism brings in significant extra income for this rural community: one-quarter of the respondents pocket an average of US$100.00 per cruise visit. In terms of economic activity—otherwise primarily copra cutting and seaweed farming—cruise tourism accounts for 58%, compared to 33% for seaweed farming and 8% for domestic work. More than one-quarter of the respondents feel that providing entertainment has encouraged local people to learn about their traditional dances. At the same time, one-fifth of the sample also indicates a transitional lifestyle from subsistence to a cash economy based on western values and goods, evidenced in the motorcycles, generators, brick houses and outboard-motor boats in most households. The Fanning Island Council has assumed responsibility for good sanitation and a clean, healthy environment. The NCL has contributed aid-in-kind to the community for schools and hospitals, and 23 I-Kiribati young men and women work for the company, the total remittances sent to their families amounting to A$250,00.000 for the year 2004. It is recommended that the Kiribati Government and the Fanning Island Council make every effort to ensure the sustainability of cruise tourism to Fanning Island, maintaining and enhancing the natural beauty of the unspoiled environment and spontaneous friendliness of the people so as to ensure that the tangible benefits of cruise tourism continue for the future generations of Fanning Island.