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close this section of the library Siegel, Eric

View the PDF document Barriers and facilitating factors to hygiene practice : a case study on Fijian primary schools
Author:Siegel, Eric
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Award: M.A.
Subject: School children -- Health and hygiene -- Fiji, Students -- Health and hygiene -- Fiji
Date: 2016
Call No.: pac LB 3409 .F5 S54 2016
BRN: 1208370
Copyright:Over 80% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission

Abstract: Fiji is an archipelago nation comprised of more than 332 islands located in the South Pacific Ocean. According to the Fiji Ministry of Education (FMOE 2015e), there are 731 primary schools in Fiji (ibid). Fijian primary education is designed to positively influence the emotional, cultural, intellectual, physical, and health needs of all Fijian students (FMOE 2007, p. 8). In Fijian primary schools, hygiene-related diseases and illnesses such as typhoid, trachoma, scabies, and diarrhea have negatively affected student health (FMOH 2010a; FMOH 2011). Globally, studies have revealed that children are less likely to become ill from hygiene-related diseases if their school has an effective hygiene program (Jasper et al. 2012, p. 2772). Fiji Hygiene in Schools (FHIS) programming addresses hygiene-related diseases in schools through engaging FHIS stakeholders in targeted interventions. This study examines possible impediments (bottlenecks) in the effectiveness of FHIS using three methods: 1. Key informant consultations with FHIS stakeholders; 2. Archival research of relevant FHIS related laws, regulations, guidelines and other published documents; and 3. Structured, face-to-face surveys with Head Teachers and students from a selection of “remote” and “urban” Nausori District schools. The Tanahashi Health Service Coverage Model (THSC) (1978) underpins the design and implementation of the methodology for this study. The THSC is an organizational framework that has been used for evaluating and planning Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) programming in schools. For this study, the THSC was adapted for a Fijian context. The findings and analyses of this study provide an opportunity for FHIS stakeholders to use empirical information to redirect existing resources in order to improve FHIS effectiveness. The conclusions and recommendations provided may be used to improve FHIS programming within the primary schools researched, and may serve FHIS stakeholders working in schools throughout Fiji. Additionally, the results and analyses contribute case study information to the research field focused on measuring the effectiveness of water sanitation and hygiene programming in schools.
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