| || || Uludong, Ngedikes Olai|
| || || Understanding adaptation to climate change in Micronesia : a case study of the Marshall Islands |
Author:Uludong, Ngedikes Olai
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Award: M.Sc. Climate Change
Subject: Climatic changes -- Marshall Islands -- Case studies, Climatic changes -- Marshall Islands -- Social aspects -- Case studies, Climate change mitigation -- Marshall Islands -- Case studies
Call No.: pac QC 903 .2 .M35 U682 2014
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: To develop and establish measures to “adapt” to the anticipated climate change effects on the Marshall Islands, it is important to understand the evolution of adaptation, its associated enabling environment and indirect factors of influence. Adaptation to climate change requires assessing the society’s institutional adaptive capacity. Notwithstanding the adverse effects of climate change: institutional capacity such as governance, traditional and customary structures influences the society’s coping capabilities. In examining these controls, the past and current institutional structures are reviewed. It is important to highlight the influence of various internal and external factors in order to identify and develop adaptation actions that are appropriate for the communities to adopt. This research explored the notion that effective adaptation begins with understanding institutional capacity, of which enables the environment that supports mechanisms needed to build resilience. After assessing the institutional controls thus identifying the needs and constraints of the enabling environment; the next step analyzed the adaptation tools; highlighting adaptation approaches that work, without ‘reinventing the wheel’. The rationale is that appropriate lead agencies should then be able to develop and adopt appropriate tools to assess adaptation to climate change and its associated cost, given that the effects constitute the basis for sustainable environment development. In the Marshall Islands, an adaptation tool or mechanism that proves effective is the one that the society receives the most benefits from in the absence of climate change, for instance, in the event of droughts, typhoons, sea level rise, storm surges and epidemic outbreaks of diseases. These measures and strategies put in place are considered ‘no regrets’ adaptation. These ‘no regrets’ options include increasing rainwater catchments and developing sustainable management regulations to enhance adaptive capacity. Too often adaptation occurs because the need is largely driven by the current environment, economic, social and health issues, not a proactive driven approach but more on the reactive mode. Overall, the study aims to facilitate understanding of the barriers that hinder effective adaptation in the Marshall Islands.