| || || Faradatolo, David.|
| || || Livelihood strategies in the Solomon Islands : the case of shell money and the Wala Lagoon communities of Malaita |
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Call No.: pac In Process
Copyright:This thesis may NOT be copied without the authors written permission.
Abstract: Accessing income opportunities and resources for livelihood is very difficult in the Wala lagoon of Malaita, Solomon Islands. There is limited land for agriculture and marine resources have been depleted. Shell money has been a livelihood strategy for the people in the society for generations. Despite the forces of colonialism, Christianity and the introduction of the cash economy, Wala still produce shell money for trade in Malaita, Guadalcanal and Bougainville in Papua New Guinea. The research examines if shell money will continue to be a viable livelihood strategy for households in the Wala Lagoon. The results show that shell money is still a livelihood strategy because of viable demands from institutions like bride price, compensation, government and the tourism industry. The study shows that about half of households in Wala participate in shell money production for their livelihood. Most of these households come from the Laulasi region while only a few are from the Aoke region. For the Wala households that participate in shell money production about half of their income is from shell money. Looking at the individual households that produce shell money, some households received a low proportion of their income from shell money while many others received almost all income from shell money. In comparison to other sources of household income, shell money came third after village based businesses and subsistence. Shell money also contributes significantly to business and community development in the Wala region. Many small businesses owned by Wala people in Wala Lagoon, Auki and Honiara obtained seed money from shell money. Community projects also received assistance from shell money. To sustain the livelihood of households depending on shell money, it is important that the supply side of shell money production is secured. Management of the Wala Lagoon marine system has to revert back to tribes backed by a provincial or national legislation.