| || || Nuts -- Solomon Island -- Malaita Province|
| || || Analysis of the supply chain of canarium nut in Malaita Province of the Solomon Islands|
Author: Sulifoa, Ramona Stephanie
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Canarium -- Solomon Island -- Malaita Province, Nuts -- Solomon Island -- Malaita Province
Call No.: Pac QK 495 .B8 S852 2012
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: The main aim of this paper was to look into the current supply chain of canarium nut in Malaita Province. The idea was to see the difficulties faced by the local communities in relation to harvesting, processing and marketing of canarium which has led to the underutilisation of their canarium trees, despite estimations made in the past of the abundance of canarium trees in Malaita Province. Through a survey carried out in areas of Malaita Province and by carrying out Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), the constraints were recognised and a proposed supply chain was drawn up. There is evidence from the survey and the PRA that the canarium trees are not being harvested to their full potential. Many factors could be probable reasons for the underutilisation of the canarium despite there being many fruiting trees during the season. These reasons include the lack of markets, the difficulty in harvesting the trees, the long distances needed to travel in order to reach the trees, the lack of processing skills, and the lack of interest shown by the males in the community in canarium. Women have been seen to be the main gender heavily involved in the marketing of the canarium nuts within the local communities. This is why it is suggested that women need to be the leading gender in marketing the canarium nuts. They cannot achieve this if their processing skills are not upgraded. Hence, it is suggested that the Australia Centre for International Agriculture Research (ACIAR) and the Solomon Islands Government (SIG) need to support the local communities especially the women in terms of capacity building, infrastructure improvement and to provide 2 resources to enable them to not only process the canarium kernels but also canarium oil. Once the males in the community see the potential in canarium as a cash crop, they would be willing to help hence reducing women’s work load and increasing the canarium supply from Malaita Province.