| || || Women in development -- Tuvalu|
| || || Using, managing and controlling energy sources for sustainable development : a gender analysis across communities in Vanuatu and Tuvalu|
Author: Singh, Ranjila Devi
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Renewable energy sources -- Vanuatu, Renewable energy sources -- Tuvalu, Fuelwood consumption -- Vanuatu, Fuelwood consumption -- Tuvalu, Women in development -- Vanuatu, Women in development -- Tuvalu
Call No.: Pac TJ 807 .9 .V3 S56 2013
Copyright:20-40% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: How people access, use and manage critical livelihood resources, such as fuelwood, is complex and dynamic. While research has been undertaken to better understand these complexities, scant attention has been paid to the differences between how men and women access, use and manage natural resources to sustain their livelihood. In the Pacific, this is no exception; research that employs a gender analysis to better grapple with issues concerning sustainable resource use and how current ways of living intertwine with debates about climate change mitigation is in its infancy. This thesis draws on research conducted in Piliura and Tassiriki villages in Vanuatu and Vaiaku, Senala and Tumaseu villages in Tuvalu, which entailed a mixed-methodology of household surveys, focus groups, an inventory of household fuelwood consumption and vegetation quadrants. Analysis reveals that management of household lighting at Vanuatu and Tuvalu sites is mainly done by men in comparison to women. Decisionmaking in terms of the type, time invested and use of lighting is also determined by men, while household cooking is the responsibility of women. In Vanuatu sites fuelwood is the main source of energy used for cooking on indoor stoves, which can have a negative and inequitable health impact on women. While in Tuvalu natural gas was the major source of energy for household cooking. In Vanuatu the source of energy for household cooking was managed by 57.1 percent of women and 42.9 percent of men. While in Tuvalu study sites women dominated management of household energy for cooking over men. It can be distinguished that management of energy sources and any other matter in relation to gender may and can vary over different situations. This selection of fuel type (fossil fuel or biomass) has implications for climate change mitigation, illustrating the importance of understanding gender divisions of labour and power relations for sustainable and climate-friendly resource management. This thesis seeks to demonstrate the importance of understanding gender power relations when targeting communitybased interventions for sustainable resource management and climate change adaptation and mitigation