| || || Pene, Conway.|
| || || Integrating urban spatial data using geographic information systems : a case study of Suva|
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Geographic information systems -- Fiji
Call No.: Pac G 70 .215 .F5 P46 2006
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Urbanisation is a phenomenon of growing importance globally, and is occurring with increasing rapidity in countries of the Pacific island region. The countries of the region confront a variety of development issues, and are constrained in their management of these issues through a lack of financial and human resources. The management and planning of the rapid growth of urban areas is one such issue, and one reason for the poor management and unplanned growth of urban areas is a lack of accurate, structured and timely data. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a technology that offers a spatial foundation for the collection, storage, management and analysis of spatial data, which can many aspects of urban activity. Over the last 2 decades, GIS has developed in to a mainstream branch of information technology, and is now the de-facto environment for the handling of spatial data. In the Pacific, GIS has only recently started to be used. It's relatively recent development, high cost of implementation, and need for specialised skills and training mean that its adoption has been slow and problematic. The institutional environment in which a GIS functions also plays a fundamental role in its success, and this concept is also reviewed. This study aims to develop the principles for the creation and management of an integrated urban GIS for the city of Suva, the capital of Fiji. A number of GIS are already in operation, working with different aspects of urban data, at a variety of scales. This study suggests that, to be effective, urban data needs to be integrated and made available to all concerned with urban management and planning, in a structured and effective manner. The concept of a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is proposed as a system to facilitate this integration and dissemination of urban spatial data. The study begins by surveying the current status of GIS in Fiji, with particular reference to GIS activities in the Suva area, and identifies a number of issues, both technical and institutional, that would need to be addressed in order to facilitate the creation of an integrated urban GIS. The next stage was to develop a pilot case study of a sample area, by acquiring spatial data from a variety of organisations, and developing a number of test applications. The experiences gained from the organisational surveys and the pilot case study were used to propose the frame work for the implementation of an urban SDI for Suva.