| || || Padayachi, Priya D.|
| || || Structural adjustment policies : poverty and poverty alleviation in Fiji : a radical humanist critique of poverty conceptualisation and measurement : a case study of three Indo-Fijian settlements in Labasa |
Author:Padayachi, Priya D.
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Poverty -- Economic aspects -- Fiji -- Labasa, Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Fiji
Call No.: Pac HC 79 .P6 P323 1999
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Concepts derived from neo-classical development theory and practice which embodied Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs) were used to explore how Indo-Fijian participants experienced poverty and responded to the increased poverty. The radical humanist' critique of SAPs that was adopted in this study enabled the researcher to present an alternative understanding of both the notion of development practice and its precepts about the conceptualisation and measurement of living standards or quality of life, The unique social location of the rural Indo-Fijian participants' in. my study gave them exposure to two opposing coceptualisation and measurement of poverty i.e.- the naturalist/positivist perspective (income/expenditure approach) and the critical hermeneutic perspective (participants subjectivity, voices and stories about the poverty situation). This thesis explored the question of economic determinism's neglect of non- material factors in conceptualising quality of life that has remained undeveloped, A radical humanist critique of SAPs practice and its performance was adopted as an appropriate theoretical framework, within which this study was placed. Using the theme of 'interactive continuum of methodology', a naturalist and critical hermeneutic theoretical and methodological approach was utilized to investigate the Indo-Fijian participants lived experiences of rural poverty. Adoption of the income and expenditure approach to poverty measurement, the thesis made a notable discovery that the small group of rural Indo-Fijian people from Wainikoro in their life conditions did suggest an impact of SAPs on their livelihoods. However, a radical humanist reconceptualisation of rural poverty revealed that from the perspective of the Indo-Fijian rural poor, poverty could be conceptualised using the non-material issues like cultural social and psychological factors. These non-market factors presented a multi-dimensional perspective to understanding rural poverty and the impact of SAPs, Moreover, the radical humanist perspective presented an alternative understanding to the development practice, which should be seen as an empowering process towards people-centered development whereby the rural people take the centre-stage in their development process.