USP Theses Collection


close this section of the library Gonelevu, Shailin Swaran

View the PDF document From containment to correction and reformation : exploring punishment and reform in the disciplinary system of Fiji women's prison
Author:Gonelevu, Shailin Swaran
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Award: M.A.
Subject: Women prisoners -- Fiji -- Social conditions, Women prisoners -- Abuse of -- Fiji, Reformatories for women -- Fiji
Date: 2015
Call No.: pac HV 9917 .7 .G66 2015
BRN: 1204089
Copyright:20-40% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission

Abstract: Punishment and ill-treatment of prisoners has always been a major issue of concern in prisons throughout Fiji. The current penal discourse about prisoner punishment however, has shifted its focus from the previous idea of punishing inmates under the lock and key detainment to the efficacious correction and reformation of inmates for their effective social re-integration into society as productive citizens. This thesis examines punishment and reformation of female prisoners through the related lenses of Fiji Women’s Prison’s disciplinary systems. This thesis starts from the premise that the prison’s current “reformative” approach toward prisoner treatment and rehabilitation needs to be understood through its disciplinary systems and techniques. Michel Foucault’s seven ‘universal maxims’ for an ideal prison with good penitentiary conditions has been used as a theoretical model to analyze the reflexive ethnographic data of this thesis. In Fiji Women’s Prison, the idea of inmate punishment has been covertly enmeshed within its rehabilitative disciplinary system. The use of various disciplinary measures through prison’s institutional routines and Rehabilitation Framework has imposed emotional, verbal, physical, and psychological abuse on inmates. I suggest that the current position of inmates as subjugated and vulnerable victims of the prison’s disciplinary system has transformed them into compliant and passive workers for the prison’s garment enterprise. Instead of preparing the inmates for effective v social re-integration, the prison’s disciplinary system is robbing inmates of their individuality, human rights and chances of becoming productive members of society.
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