| || || Kasami, Akisi Nailaba|
| || || Spouse abuse by women : the hidden side of domestic violence in Fiji |
Author:Kasami, Akisi Nailaba
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Husband abuse -- Fiji , Abused husbands -- Fiji , Spousal abuse -- Fiji
Call No.: Pac HV 6626 .23 .F5 K271 2010
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: This study examines the emotive issue of domestic violence from a different perspective– that of Fijian men abused by their wives within an indigenous society typically regarded as culturally ‘macho’ and male dominated. The study was conducted within an urban area within the municipality of Suva on the main island of Viti Levu, the Republic of Fiji. All information was collected using a survey questionnaire administered in English and Fijian (n = 216) supplemented by a small number of face-to-face interviews (n = 16) to help identify and flesh out many of the more sensitive and complex issues associated with abusive behaviour. Consistent with overseas findings, results show that men are also victims of domestic violence. Men reported approximately more (6/man) incidents of spousal abuse compared to instances (4/woman) acknowledged by women. Women’s anger and frustration over their husband’s behaviours and the many social obligations (village fund-raising, contributions to birthdays, weddings and deaths etc) that couples feel obligated to appeared to be the main ‘trigger’ of abuse against men. Variations between reports by males and females were tested for significant difference using the chi-square statistic and found to be significant at the .05 level of confidence. Study results showed that men’s experiences of abuse typically occur at home where children, at most incidences, act as witnesses. This is contrary to the Fijian cultural value system where men are believed to be very much ‘in control.’ Also of relevance is the finding that most participants were victims of child abuse, which suggests that domestic violence is common and the trans-generational transfer of abusive behaviour. Most participants indicated that the societal demands of living as a ‘perfect couple’ has become an issue that made it extremely difficult for couples to get out of an abusive relationship. This occurs in response to fear of being stigmatised by members of their community. Most men reacted to their experiences of abuse by using psychological tactics against their wives. Results indicated that most men sought help from ‘relatives’ for advice and moral support.