| || || Kant, Romitesh|
| || || Constitutional re-design for democratic stability in a divided society : a Fiji case study |
Institution: The University of the South Pacific
Award: M.A. Politics & International Affairs
Subject: Constitutional law | Fiji, Constitutions | Fiji, Political stability | Fiji, Democray | Fiji
Call No.: Pac KVN 170 .K36 2018
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Divided societies have pursued different paths in their attempts to design constitutions that settle ethnic tensions while at the same time promoting and consolidating democracy. Some of these projects have been successful while others have not. Constitutional and democratic design in a divided society has been a difficult process. The negotiation and accommodation of group interests have often been characteristics of the development of divided societies such as South Africa, Lebanon, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina amongst others. The accommodation of contending demands to political and socio-economic rights by diverse ethnic groups – and the strain they present for constitutionality and democracy – has been one the immense challenges confronted by societies that are described by long lasting ethnic division and conflict. Since gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1970, Fiji politics have been marked by a pattern of coups and constitutional reform. Fiji has negotiated various constitutional arrangements with a view to meeting group claims to difference and equality.