| || || People with disabilities -- Fiji -- Psychology|
| || || Motivation profiling : an examination of self-determination and achievement goal behavior among athletes with disabilities in Fiji |
Author: Shah, Afrada Atika
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Sports for people with disabilities -- Fiji -- Psychological aspects, People with disabilities -- Fiji -- Psychology, Athletes -- Fiji -- Psychology
Call No.: Pac GV 709 .3 .S53 2016
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: This study incorporated the self-determination and achievement goal frameworks of motivation to examine motivation and goal structures among Fijian athletes with disabilities. The primary aim of this study was to examine motivation structures and develop motivation profiles of these athletes. Another purpose of this study was to investigate associations between motivation dimensions of selfdetermination continuum and achievement goal orientations as well as to examine gender differences in relation to motivation. A quantitative research design was undertaken and based on existing literature it was hypothesized that: a) Fijian athletes with disabilities would exhibit higher levels of intrinsic motivation and task goal orientations, b) Fijian athletes with disabilities would exhibit most selfdetermined motivation profile, and c) intrinsic motivation would be positively correlated with task orientations while extrinsic motivation would be correlated with ego orientations. Fijian athletes with disabilities (N= 101, mean age =26, SD= 11) completed two self-report questionnaires (SMS-28 and TESOSQ) which measured the different types of motivation dimensions and goal orientations. Repeated measures analysis indicated that Fijian athletes with disabilities exhibit more task goal orientations than ego goals. Cluster analyses revealed three meaningful clusters and as expected majority of Fijian athletes were grouped into the most self-determined category indicating positive athlete behavioral characteristics. As expected, intrinsic motivation was positively correlated with task goal orientation. However, extrinsic motivation did not share a significant relationship with ego orientation and was unexpectedly correlated to task goal orientation. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the positive characteristics of Fijian athletes with disabilities, presence of disability and socio-cultural factors. Consequently, significant findings from the present study should assist the Fiji Paralympic Committee and disability-inclusive coaches to understand and support Fijian athletes with disabilities more efficiently.