USP Theses Collection


close this section of the library Political stability -- Fiji

View the PDF document Provincialism and the crisis of indigenous Fijian political unity
Author: Durutalo, Alumita Lawaniyavi.
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Award: M.A.
Subject: Fijians -- Politics and government , Political stability -- Fiji, Fiji -- Politics and government
Date: 1997.
Call No.: Pac JQ 6301 .D67
BRN: 918425
Copyright:10-20% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission

Abstract: The ongoing study is an attempt to focus on Provincialism And The Crisis Of Indigenous Fijian Political Unity through an analysis of the strategies which were used to create and maintain the colonial state and colonial society in Fiji since Fiji's cession to Britain in 1875. The notion of indigenous Fijian Political Unity, which evolved out of the need to consolidate the colonial state and hence, colonial capitalism, was maintained through the establishment of the Fijian version of "Indirect rule", Provincialism, an important institution within Indirect rule, enabled the social construction of indigenous Fijian political unity through various strategies such as the demarcation of provincial boundaries; the creation of a chiefly council; the establishment of a uniform land holding system based on the Mataqali unit; and the codification of Fijian kinship and genealogy. This structural change laid the foundation for future disunity through the re-organisation of socio-political and economic relations. Moreover, provincialism as a political construct, facilitated the emergence and consolidation of neopatrimonialism through the adoption of a patron-client political system, which stretched from the colonial Governor right down to grassroot Fijians in the villages, In the post-colonial and post-coup era the attempts to strengthen indigenous Fijian political unity have been affected by the emergence of internal contradictions leading to conflicts. These have culminated in land disputes, leading to an increase in roadblocks; a rise in contests to chiefly titles; the attempt by Western Fijian chiefs to form a "Yasayasa VakaRa" or Western Confederacy; the maintenance of a high crime rate amongst indigenous Fijians, and increasing marginalisation of indigenous Fijians in the field of education and business. Attempts to solve indigenous Fijian problems in the post-coup era have become crucial to the the Fijian ruling class, especially when ten years after the coups, internal conflicts within Fijian society have intensified, The formation of an alternative Fijian political party from the Council of Chiefs sponsored SVT Party and attempts to form a "Yasayasa VakaRa" or Western Confederacy have further aggravated internal contradictions within Fijian society. The ongoing study proposes the argument that indigenous Fijian political unity had been socially constructed in the colonial era to enable the consolidation of the colonial state and its economic system. In the post-colonial and post-coup period, it is aimed at maintaining the interests of the Fijian ruling class.
View the PDF document Exploring the link of coping strategies and their associated relationships to the dispositions optimism and attributional styles within a Fiji population
Author: Swann, Ofakilomaloma M.P.
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Award: M.A. Psychology
Subject: Political psychology -- Fiji, Political stability -- Fiji
Date: 2014
Call No.: Pac JA 74 .5 S93 2014
BRN: 1198117
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission

Abstract: During the last twenty-five years the citizens of Fiji have been subjected to major political upheavals. This research was inspired by the apparent different coping strategies that Fiji citizens may have employed over the decades to cope with these upheavals. Anecdotal evidence suggests that a break down with respect to law and order, resulting from the removal of an elected government, has created negative repercussions in the community. The purpose of the present study was not to explore this direct psycho-social impact of historical events of the last 3-4 decades. Instead this study tries to get at these issues indirectly by exploring the relationship between optimism/pessimism, coping strategies, an attributional style and locus of control that respondents state they use to handle stress. A survey questionnaire was distributed amongst professionals in the greater Suva area in the Fiji Islands. Questions were raised and attempted to be answered from this data set such as if there exists a relationship between the traits/dispositions/constructs. Over a period of 3 months, 1000 questionnaires were distributed and each respondent was given 14 days to complete and return the questionnaire. A total of 416 questionnaires (just over 40%) were completed and returned. Non-parametric correlations were calculated between the ordinal scales of established questionnaires that measured the traits/constructs optimism, coping, attributional styles and locus of control [LOT-R] (Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 1994); Brief COPE (Carver 1997); ASQ, (Seligman 1984); Locus of control/Rotters scale(Rotter,1966)] respectively. The results show that optimism and approach/problem-focused coping strategies are correlated in broad agreement with the literature on the relationship of optimism and coping strategies. Correlations that make broad psychological sense were also found between the traits/constructs of optimism, problem/approach focused coping strategies and attributional styles. Implications of these results are discussed as well as issues learned about the appropriateness of the methodologies employed in Fiji.
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