| || || Rural development -- Solomon Islands|
| || || NGOs and rural development in the Solomon Islands : a case of the Solomon Islands Development Trust (SIDT).|
Author: Hou, Tony.
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Solomon Islands Development Trust, Non-governmental organizations -- Solomon Islands, Rural development -- Solomon Islands
Call No.: Pac HC 60 .H68 1999
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Today current development discourse has given much attention to NGOs. This is because of the realisation that NGOs meet the needs of the people who have been neglected by the state and market forces. Inthe event where the state declines its role in the development process, leading to increasing poverty, both donors and the state are looking to NGOs as a means of getting benefits more directly and cheaply to the target groups than was previously the case with government intervention. While it is true that NGOs have incresed in numbers and size in response to the availability of funding from overseas donors, both of which are premised on 'good' performance over the last decade, their contribution to development on a global scale remains comparatively limited. In may cases, NGOs have become ineffective managers of resources when trying to implement a diverse set of programmes, which requires managerial competencies for program integration beyond their capacities. In other words, the NGO sector has its own weaknesses, and despite being promoted and financially supported by overseas agencies, their contributions to development are often debatable. Given such a scenario, the critical evaluation of NGOs with regards to their roles and functions inthe overall development context is an important exercise. This thesis attempts to critically asess the ability of NGOs to provide an alternative development, which is more effective than the state and the market. It examines in particular, the development experiencesof the Solomon Islands Development Trust (SIDT) in Solomon Islands. The study aims to assess the work of the SIDT in rural development, by considering whther their development programmes have enabled and empowered the target group to improve their well being or otherwise. Data on which the thesis is based were collected from Marau and Raroisu'u Ward in the Solomon Islands. The thesis argues that given the nature of the conventional development practice, the NGO sector alone cannot promote rural development effectively without support from the state and the market. It is recommended that the NGO sector such as the SIDT should work together with provate agencies and the Government in order to address rural development problems in the country effectively. Their development approaches, however, must be guided and rooted in the indigenous way of life of the people they are concerned with.