| || || Civics -- Study and teaching -- Solomon Islands|
| || || Citizenship education in a small island state : exploring values for good citizenship in the Solomon Islands |
Author: Fitoo, Billy
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Citizenship -- Study and teaching -- Solomon Islands, Civics -- Study and teaching -- Solomon Islands
Call No.: Pac LC 1091 .F58 2016
Copyright:10-20% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Citizenship Education has become a feature of education policy in many nation-states, including Small Island Melanesian States such as the Solomon Islands and education is postulated as a way of delivering this goal. The newly expected outcome for education and curriculum in the Solomon Islands is an example of this. It includes: “the promotion of the concept of unity in diversity, the need for equity, and inclusiveness… development of positive, moral and ethical values, with respect to others, based on personal integrity and social responsibility; focused on values education, civics and citizenship and the development of positive attitudes with the mind and heart to create peace, reconciliation and be able to live in harmony in a multi-ethnic diverse communities” (Solomon Islands Policy Statement & Guideline for the National Curriculum, 2009, p. 22). , This study was designed as mixed method triangulated research using interpretative and positivist paradigms to explore Solomon Islanders’ perspectives about values that are relevant and contextual for good citizenship. Taking a multiple case study approach, the study was ethnographically conducted with students, teachers, public officers, and rural village elders. Participants were selected from four case study secondary schools, four Government Ministries, and a rural community in the Solomon Islands, with unstructured, semi-structured, and structured questionnaires used to collect the data. The findings show that the modern conception and values of citizenship education – regarding legal status that grants social, political, civil, and economic rights and other sets of rights, duties, and identities linking the citizen to the nation-state – is missing from the formal education systems of the Solomon Islands. However, the study also shows that, while the teaching of modern democratic values is important for Solomon Islands, due to the influence of local cultures and Christianity in the Solomon Islands context, this cannot be done exclusively. Conversely, the exclusive teaching of cultural values or church values may not work for Solomon Islands because of the influences of modern democratic institutions. In this case, what Solomon Islands needs for now is Citizenship Education that is inclusive of all three domains (democratic, cultural, & Christian values). vi Further, pedagogies for the teaching of values for good citizenship must reflect methods and approaches that are effective to transmitting values relevant for Solomon Islands. Therefore, through the identification of relevant values and effective approaches, the study recommends and theorises a new Citizenship Education framework for the Solomon Islands.