| || || Housing -- Vanuatu -- Luganville|
| || || Urbanisation and the quality of housing : a case study of Luganville Town, Vanuatu|
Author: Kaltoi, Liah John
Institution: University of the South Pacific.
Subject: Urbanization -- Vanuatu -- Luganville, Housing -- Vanuatu -- Luganville
Call No.: Pac HT 384 .V3 K35 2015
Copyright:Under 10% of this thesis may be copied without the authors written permission
Abstract: Housing as a basic urban service is a significant issue pertaining to urbanisation in developing countries. It is problematic in developing countries compared to developed countries as the urbanization rate is higher; and the level of capacity and availability of resources to manage urban growth is less exhibited in developing countries. The supervised research project investigates this relationship by focusing on the trend of urbanization into Luganville town, in Vanuatu and the quality of housing provision. The research has revealed that urbanization into Luganville is increasing tremendously, and this has had an adverse impact on the quality of housing in existence. Three major adverse impacts on the quality of housing in Luganville have been identified. One is the level of income of the urban residents that determines the type of housing they can afford. Secondly, the security of land tenure is vital as to ensure provision of basic urban services such as water, electricity and solid waste collection on registered parcels of land. Illegal settlements on green spaces and other marked off areas in Luganville are denied these basic urban services. Lastly, demand for housing due to rapid urbanisation, has not been keeping pace with supply. The government is not providing public houses or flats for migrants, particularly low income earners. There are no incentives to private institutions to provide housing for the public. The demand for housing particularly affordable houses for the urban residents is expected to rise with the current trend of urbanisation. The provision of quality housing with adequate basic urban services is an ideal solution to housing problem in Luganville. To achieve that, it requires the efforts of the government, the residents and the housing stakeholders at large. It is important for all the different stakeholders in housing to work together collaboratively to come up with possible solutions. Development is more meaningful, beneficial and sound positive if affordable, quality housing with adequate facilities and basic urban services are available to urban residents. Therefore, there is need for adoption of proper urban planning, policies and management strategies. This project paper is a support for providing necessary contributions to future housing provisions emerging due to rapid urbanisation and may help in framing sound housing policy and strategies and a sustainable urban development.